Infection Essay

10878 WordsMar 4, 201544 Pages
in Safe Patient Care Enhancing patient safety through improved surveillance N umerous studies have shown that hospital surfaces and frequently used medical equipment become contaminated by a variety of pathogenic and nonpathogenic organisms. The hands and gloves of healthcare workers readily acquire pathogens after contact with contaminated hospital surfaces and can transfer these organisms to subsequently touched patients and inanimate surfaces. The acquisition of nosocomial pathogens by a patient and the resultant development of infection depend on a multifaceted interplay between the environment, a pathogen and a susceptible host. In her article, Ms. Arias discusses several epidemiologically important pathogens that are common causes of HAIs, in particular the role of noncritical patient care items and environmental surfaces in the transmission. She also addresses strategies for reducing the risk of transmission of these pathogens, based on established guidelines. A panel of experts discusses current strategies for reducing microbial contamination of hospital surfaces and medical equipment. Contamination and Cross Contamination on Hospital Continuing Education Surfaces and Medical Nurses (CE)for and Respiratory Equipment Therapists Kathleen Meehan Arias, MS, CIC (CRCE) T he role of medical devices, such as bronchoscopes, in the transmission of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) has long been recognized, however, the evidence that environmental and medical equipment surfaces play a role in the transmission of HAIs has been weak. Studies have demonstrated that pathogens can be transmitted from surfaces to personnel and patients, and that these pathogens are not adequately removed by routine room cleaning. This has led to an increased focus on the importance of cleaning and disinfecting hospital surfaces and medical equipment and efforts to

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