Theoretical Perspectives of Child Development Close There are many factors that affect a child's development, and there are many theories that attempt to explain different developments in the life of a child. The following is a list of theoretical perspectives of child development. While no one theory is completely correct, all of these theories have valuable information that should be gleaned from them. Maturational perspectives ascertain that the level of neurological development and the genetically directed increase of physiological developments directly affects the development of physical abilities. This is reflected when a child's writing ability increases throughout years of schooling because of the neurological growth that occurs (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2004, p. 22).
This paper will illustrate the following (1) how I view the course of child development as continuous (2) how my own personal child development theory would be a blend between Piaget’s Cognitive-Developmental theory and Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory (3) how I feel environmental and cultural influences play a large role in a child’s development and (4) how I would incorporate my theories into the classroom. There have been many theories that have played a part in early childhood development research. It has been these theories that have changed the way teachers educate their students. Creating an environment that contributes to learning is key to the student’s success. I believe that children develop smoothly and continuously, gradually adding on more of the same types of skills that were there in the beginning.
The child’s nature refers to the influence that genes play on development, while nurture refers to the influence of the environment. Which one has a more substantial impact on the child’s development? We now know that both combine to create the child; that nature affects nurture, and nurture affects nature. However, in what ways are the parents more influential than the peers and how are the peers more influential than the parents? From the moment of conception a child gets its genetic makeup from the parents, thus already beginning their impact on the child.
Experience-expectant states that circumstances in which the nervous system is expected to develop a certain way. To develop at a standard cognitive rate there are environmental factors that play a role in a child’s development schedule. For this process to occur naturally and regularly then making sure the infant is never exposed to anything that can be harmful to their brain or anything that could cause issues to the development process. Experience-dependent growth is based on the ability to train your brain to experience the different aspects of life and grow and develop from them. This nurtures the development of an infant’s brain and when its united with a healthy family environment all
Face Recognition in Infants: The newborn infants enter the world visually naïve but are possessed with a number of tools and means with which to make sense of the world around them. Developmental psychologists are more concerned about the early stages at which a child begins to differentiate between faces and innate objects. Moreover, faces provide infants with information about the identity, gender, age, and emotional expression of their caregivers who they are likely to spend more time with. Likewise, being able to recognize their caregivers is also crucial for the development of attachment styles they form at an early age which eventually leaves a long-lasting effect on their future relationships. Several experiments have reported that newborn infants, just a few hours from birth, are able to discriminate between individual faces, and will evidently show preference for the mother’s face when she is shown paired with a female stranger’s face.
: family break-up, new partner, this can effect a Childs ability to concentrate and leaning and education are effected. Emotional development can be effected as family changes will effect a Childs reaction and interaction with others. Family moral impact greatly on a Childs development as family standards would mould a Childs perception of the outside world. Physical development can be effected depending on a family’s attitude to diet and exercise. 2 Explain how development of children and young people is influenced by a range of external factors.
• The amygdala is our internal guardian angel • Physical respond associated with fear is often called the "fight or flight" reaction • amygdala is the source of all emotions both pleasant and unpleasant, • The amygdala is designed to help us to make efficient decisions in keeping with our purpose. • The way our brains are wired makes it virtually impossible to reach decisions without emotions. What happens if it gets damage? • When the amygdala is damaged in humans, they lose their sensitivity to stimuli associated with strong emotions What is Amygdala? • The amygdala is an almond-shaped structure in the brain What it does?
Another main controversy is with Piaget’s broad grouping of the stages affecting cognitive tasks. A more accurate depiction of children’s development would be to state that “children’s skills develop in different ways on different tasks and that their experience can have a strong influence on the pace of development” (Slavin, 2009,
Understand child and young person development Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth – 19 years. 1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years. The term ‘development’ refers not to the physical growth of the children, but to the skills and knowledge that they are developing. Obviously, the two are interconnected as growth impacts enormously on children’s development, so neural growth affects the way that children are able to think. It is usual when looking at child development to divide it into the following areas.
The personal factors that contribute towards a child’s development are their genes which influence development of physical health and how the brain works. A Child’s environment, influences personality, potential and health, which will later be determined by how they are brought up. Genetic information is what triggers a disability, such as Down’s syndrome. This means that they may have an impairment of cognitive ability and physical growth so they will need extra support in daily activities. They also have different facial characteristics which can lead to bullying.