Infants Born to Smoking Mothers Essay

516 WordsSep 11, 20123 Pages
Human Growth and Development September 11, 12 Paper #1 It is well documented that infants born to smoking mothers weigh less at birth than infants born to nonsmoking mothers. Influence of prenatal smoking on infant develops obesity later in life. Prenatally smoke-exposed infants catch up in weight by age 6 months, although results of this accelerated growth are inconsistent across the body. In this descriptive study of 630 infants, catch-up growth rate continued and smoke-affected infants were more likely to be obese than their nonsmoker affected counterparts from age 6 to 14 months. The result of this study provides insight about the potential effects of maternal prenatal smoking on the risk of early obesity. Although infant obesity was identified as a public health problem more than 2 decades ago, little is known about the factors that influence the development of obesity during infancy, including exposure to prenatal smoking. The purpose of this paper is to facilitate an understanding of the influence of maternal prenatal smoking on infant growth and the development of obesity. The significance of this study emerges from the link between infant, childhood, and adult obesity. Obese infants can become obese children, and obese children can become obese adults. Persistence of obesity during infancy and childhood increases the risk of obesity during adolescence. Although adolescent obesity accounts for only 30% to 40% of adult obesity, adults who were obese as adolescents constitute a majority of the heaviest adults. Furthermore, the relationship between obesity and risk of hypertension, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, arthritis, atherosclerosis, and diminished physical abilities later in life impact on the significance of this study on the development of infant obesity To summarize, the findings from this study of the impact of maternal
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