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Infancy And Toddlerhood Nutrition Essay

  • Submitted by: tonkatruck
  • on June 23, 2011
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 878 words

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Below is an essay on "Infancy And Toddlerhood Nutrition" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Nutrition is important to maintain a good physical and psychological state, which promotes proper growth in infants on into toddler-hood. Malnutrition can be a result of not receiving enough nutrition, and receiving too much nutrition results in obesity. Babies and toddlers need the nutrients and energy that a solid balance of food provides. The nutrients provide minerals and vitamins to the child in order to develop in a proper way. Providing this nutrition can avoid illnesses and other complicated issues that form from malnutrition. If an infant receives too much food intake, they may have an issue with being overweight that leads to obesity (Papalia, Olds, & Feldman, 2008).
In the past, babies were fed breast milk. If a baby was fed nonhuman milk they had a great chance of becoming ill and die. When germs were discovered in 1878, mothers were given a warning not to feed their babies from the bottle. During the 20th century, manufacturers had refrigeration, sterilization, and pasteurization to modify and improve cow milk along with improving the bottle designs. Bottle-feeding became the norm in the United States and other industrialized countries. By 1971, only 25% of United States mothers attempted to breast-feed. Now only about one-half of infants are nursed on the breast worldwide (Papalia, Olds, & Feldman, 2008).
Breast-feeding offers benefits along with have some cautions. It provides an emotional bonding between the mother and the baby. Breast milk is considered the best nutrient for infants. However there is an alternative an iron-fortified formula from cow’s milk or soy protein. The formula must also contain supplemental vitamins and minerals. It is a recommendation that infants be breast-fed at least six months. If the mother does not directly breast-feed the child then the milk should be squeezed from the mother’s breast and fed to the infant. Breast-feeding should be done as soon as the infant is born and continue for at least the first year. The...

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