Infancy and Early Childhood Development

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Infancy and Early Childhood Development Theresa Clemons Psychology 375 March 11, 2013 Professor Lindsey Respress Infancy and Early Childhood Development Development of a child begins in the womb. The human fetus is defined as the unborn human during the stage of development. In this stage the fetus develops organs and grows many times its size during this time (E how Family, 2011). Once the child is born it is even more important that the environment is conducive for normal infant physical and mental growth. Infants experience the majority of its growth during the first year. The average baby doubles their birth rate by six months and in one year it triples (E how Family, 2011). During that time motor skills, cognitive and linguistic development accelerates and the child advances to more stages of development. Infancy During the first two years of an infant’s life body changes take place in the body, mind, and social relationships. The brain triples in size the digestive system begins to accommodate food, which helps to nourish the brain and body so that the child will grow. It is important during this time to stimulate the infant so the child can reach its full potential (Berger, 2008). In order to figure out what type of stimulation is needed, the caregiver must follow the baby’s lead. Infants respond to what their brain needs, which is why they like to look at different objects and listen to other individuals. The first two years are the sensitive years a time when certain kinds of growth or development are most likely to happen (Berger, 2008). Sensory and Motor skills When infant are born their senses function at birth through eyes, ears,
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