Infancy and Early Childhood Development

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Infancy and Early Childhood Development Early childhood development, abbreviated as ECD is a formal way of teaching and taking care of children without involving the parents. This form of schooling takes place before the attainment of school going age. ECD involves the development of the child in five major categories. They are the social, physical, intellectual, creative and emotional categories (Avan, 2008). Early childhood development is important as it helps the mind of the infant to develop better and faster. Though in early childhood the family is not considered as part of the supporting staff of the development process, the family contributes a lot to the child’s development. Since the infant spends most of the time with the family members and more so the mother, he/she is likely to be affected by the mother’s behavioral practices (Avan, 2008). At this early stage of development, most of the learning takes place through observation. As the child observes what the family members are doing, he or she is likely to perceive it as right and will consequently grow up knowing it to be right. Different parenting styles and their effect on early childhood development There are different parenting styles and each of them affects the growth of the child differently from another. Generally, there are three parenting techniques; the authoritarian, the permissive and the democratic. Children who grow up under the authoritarian parenting style grow up knowing that whatever the parents say is exactly what should be done regardless of if it is right or wrong (Krueger, 2001). Usually, it is the best parenting method in early childhood development as it helps set a good base for the Childs development. However, in advanced stages of development, it is not the best since the children can already make simple decisions. In the permissive parenting method, the child has a

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