Industrialization After the Civil War Essay

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Assignment 1.2: Industrialization After the Civil War Strayer University Professor Irina Popova-Nowak HIS 105 – Contemporary U.S. History Jennifer C Maloney Due Date: August 4, 2014 The United States took steps toward becoming a much more industrialized nation following the Civil War. The effects of industrialization in the United States between 1865 and 1920 were visible in many aspects of American Society. Industrialization in the United States had both advantages and disadvantages in its effects on different groups in American life as well as the economy, politics and United States society altogether. Urbanization Industrialization and urbanization, or growth of cities, went hand in hand. Business and industrialization centered on the cities. Cities offered large numbers of workers for new factories. An ever increasing number of factories created an intense need for labor convincing people in rural areas to move to the city drawing immigrants from Europe to the United States. As a result, the United States transformed from an agrarian to an urban nation, and the demographics of the country shifted dramatically. Between 1870 and 1920, the number of Americans living in cities increased fivefold, from 10 million to 54 million. (Schultz, 2014, p. 312) The huge growth of the industry led to increased demand for labor (satisfied mostly by immigration) which led to the urbanization of this country that caught most cities unprepared to meet the demands of the rapid influx of people. The National Market: Creating Consumer Demand (Schultz, 2014, p. 297) During this period, the United States shifted from a rural-farming economy to urban-manufacturing, a major transformation also occurred in the behavior of the country’s consumers. This change is perhaps best illustrated in the advertisements that appeared in popular magazines of the time.
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