Danielle Doherty December 16th, 2010
Mrs. Krill Social Studies
In the late nineteenth century, after the rise of industrialization, Europeans tried to improve the subpar living and working conditions of industrial workers. To do so, they formed socialist political parties and labor unions and followed the principles of Karl Marx. Marx and fellow German Friedrich Engels wrote The Communist Manifesto in 1848. Marxism was an economic and political structure that Marx believed in; It affected political central Europe greatly, while also giving rise to the union movement in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. It affected both social classes, however, Karl Marx believed that the Bourgeoisie would eventually fall, while, on the other hand, the Proletariat class would rise, ultimately leading to many problems within many different societies.
The first line of The Communist Manifesto was, “the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.” Basically, most societies struggle to form a social class structure that benefits both the oppressor and oppressed classes. Marx called the two opposing classes the Bourgeoisie (oppressor) class and the Proletariat (oppressed) class. He predicted that the Bourgeoisie class would fall and the Proletariat class would rise, with the end result being a classless society.
In the late nineteenth century, Working-class leaders followed Marxism to form socialist parties, with the German Social Democratic Party (SDP) being the most important and successful. The SDP, formed in 1875, used Marxism to become Germanys largest political party by 1912. In 1889, the Second International was formed by several different socialist party leaders. This group focused on eliminating capitalism worldwide....