This improved trade and communication throughout the world. Even though it appeared as if the Industrial Revolution helped the world, it also brought a downfall in social and cultural situations. Cities were over populated and people were driven out of their homes looking for work. This caused an economic decrease because the inventions were taking the place of people. Because of this, people lost their jobs and were unable to
The use of steam-powered machines, led to a massive increase in the number of factories. As the number of factories grew people from the countryside began to move into the towns looking for better paid work. They moved into the towns because farm workers wages were very low. Also there were less jobs working on farms because of the invention and use of new machines. (www.nettlesworth.durham) Thousands of new workers were needed to work machines in mills and the factory owners built houses for them.
Majority of the people would agree with this statement because most of the time factories conditions were grim. There were no health and safety rules and regulations, the stench in the factory or mill made many children and workers sick, the rooms were hot, humid and unsanitary, with air full of cotton dust. Source A shows women workers in a cycle factory in Coventry in the 1890s. The man on the left is the supervisor. None of the machines have safety guards.
This ruined the farmers of Rome which in result, they drifted to cities that helped add more unemployment to the cities. With farmers moving to the cities and the abundance of slaves, this helped keep wages low (Document 3). That caused many citizens to become poor and have less money to buy materials to help business owners make money and pay tax to the government. Lastly, Germanic/barbarian invasions are another cause of the fall of Rome. The
This caused the people to flock to America and seek new job opportunities. Another reason was over-population in the cities. The overcrowding of tens and thousands of people in one town in filthy conditions caused a book of problems. The bubonic plague was one, which brought one example of many economic declines, in the production of food and imports and widespread of malnutrition. Other problems included higher prices, lower purchasing power, and years of poor harvest.
Also, compared to other European countries, Russian agriculture was still backward. This is because the Great Spurt under Witte focused on industrial growth and neglected agriculture. This then brought rapid growth in population in cities as peasants moved in to work in factories. As a result, working and living conditions became extremely poor, giving people more reasons to rebel and start a revolution. Furthermore, there were also political causes for the outbreak of the 1905 revolution.
The Industrial Revolutions started for many reasons but some of the most important were science and technology, inventions and greed. When the factories were built and jobs were offered many people moved from the farm life the only life they had ever known into the city in hopes of finding a better life. Unfortunately, that is not what they found. They factories payed very little, they where dark, cramped, hot, and dangerous. Then to make things work
Mexico City has a population of 19.5 million, with an expectation of it reaching 21.6 million in 2015. Challenges occurring in mega cities due to a surplus population include discrepancies in the distribution of income and employment, inadequate water, sanity, infrastructure and housing. In mega cities which are generally situated in a developing country, individuals usually commute to a city in hope of employment, education and a better future. These individuals arrive with no skills and no wealth, generally coming from rural areas. Therefore they have limited rights when it comes to employment and their desperate nature to support themselves or their families leads them to hazardous working conditions and wages much lower then the minimum wage.
This also meant that the land was not used to it full potential, all these factors lead to the famines and causing peasants to up rise using violence against government officials. This was on the verge of the revolution. The deep resentment from the peasantry towards the Tsar increased after the war as lots of money had being invested in the war and Russia had lost. Moreover, Sergei Witte had tried to improve the economy of Russia but it was to make sure that the Russian social order stayed the same. Due to industrialisation, factories were built which lead to rapid growth of population in the towns and cities for example from 98 million in 1885 to 125 million in 1905.
For the act of being even momentarily late to work, workers were charged twopence, and some factories would even close the gates of the factory, which disallowed workers from going to their job if tardy (A Working Day in a Manchester Cotton Mill 154). As workers were often poor and relied on their factory jobs for income, even one tardy could create a negative impact on them. Another factor contributing to bad working conditions in the factories was the disregard of the workers’ hygiene. Many factories did not have baths established (A Working Day in a Manchester Cotton Mill 155). Laborers often had no way to keep themselves clean, which was worsened by the factories’ already dirty environment.