Industrial Revolution Essay

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Starting in the mid-1700s in England, a series of inventions sparked the biggest change in human life since tools first had been used in the growing of crops thousands of years earlier. These inventions caused profound changes in the ordinary lives of people and in the way society were organized. The entire process—technical innovation and social change taken together—is called the Industrial Revolution. In addition to the introduction of new sources of power and machinery, the Industrial Revolution resulted in new ways of thinking about work. The process of making things began to be look at in terms of a system: machines and people functioning together in workplaces, typically in factories as parts of a factory system. These changes, the invention of machines to do the work of hand tools; the use of steam, and later of other kinds of power, in place of the muscles of human beings and of animals; and the adoption of the factory system are considered to be the main factors that led to the industrial revolution. The change also included the automation of the textile industries, the development of iron development techniques and the increased use of refined coal. Trade increase was made possible by the introduction of canals, better roads and railways. These changes that occurred brought about swift changes in the way the people performed there jobs and the amount of materials that were being produced. The Industrial Revolution grew more powerful each year as new inventions and manufacturing processes added to the efficiency of machines and increased productivity. Many factors helped bring about this revolution in trade. The Crusades opened up the riches of the East to Western Europe. America was discovered, and European nations began to acquire rich colonies there and elsewhere. New trade routes were opened. The strong central governments which replaced the

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