INTRODUCTION Industrial Revolution began over 200 years ago. It changed the
way in which many products, including cloth and textiles, were
manufactured. It is called a "revolution" because the changes it caused
were great and sudden. It greatly affected the way people lived and
worked. This revolution helped to bring about the modern world we
know today in many ways.
The Industrial Revolution was a major change in the nature of
production in which machines replaced tools and steam and other
energy sources replaced human or animal power. The Industrial
Revolution began in England in the middle 1700s. During the Industrial
Revolution, workers became more productive, items were
manufactured, prices dropped, making hard to make items available to
the working and middle class and not only the wealthy. Life generally
improved, but the Industrial Revolution was also harmful. Pollution
increased, working conditions were harmful, and capitalists employed
women and young children, making them work long hours for low
The industrial revolution can be said to have made the European working-class. It made the European middle-class as well. In the wake of the Revolution, new social relationships appeared. As Ben franklin once said, "time is money." Man no longer treated men as men, but as a commodity which could be bought and sold on the open market. This "commodity" of man is what bothered Karl Marx -- his solution was to transcend the profit motive by social revolution.
There is no denying the fact that the Industrial Revolution began in England sometime after the middle of the 18th century. England was the "First Industrial Nation." As one economic historian commented in the 1960s, it was England which first executed "the takeoff into self-sustained growth." And by 1850, England had become an economic titan....