Industrial Production Methods

611 Words3 Pages
There are four main types of industrial production - one-off, batch, mass and continuous flow production - which have progressively larger scales of operation. ICT is now important in virtually every type of commercial design and production, with different types of computer-control of design and making processes grouped together as CAD and CAM. The different production methods may have different design requirements, but most commercial designers have three roles: a functional role, an aesthetic role and an organisational role. Designers need to be aware of the standards and conventions which regulate industrial design practices. Industrial production methods: There are four main types of industrial production methods: One-off production: One-off production is when only one product is made at a time. As every product is different, one-off production is labour intensive. Products may be made by hand or a combination of hand and machine methods. Batch production: Batch production is when a small quantity of identical products are made - from two up to about 100. Batch production may also use a lot of labour, but jigs and templates are used to aid production. Batches of the product can be made as often as required. Often the machines can be easily changed to produce a batch of a different product. Mass or repetitive flow: Mass or repetitive flow production is when hundreds of identical products are made, usually on a production line. Mass production often involves the assembly of a number of sub-assemblies of individual components. Some parts may be bought from other companies. There is usually some automation of tasks (e.g. by using Computer Numerical Control machines) and this enables a smaller number of workers to output more products. Continuous flow: Continuous flow production is when many thousands of copies
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