Industrial Automation Essay

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INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION Abstract: Automation is the use of control systems and information technologies reducing the need for human intervention In the scope of industrialization, automation is a step beyond mechanization. Whereas mechanization provided human operators with machinery to assist them with the muscular requirements of work, automation greatly reduces the need for human sensory and mental requirements as well. Automation plays an increasingly important role in the world economy and in daily experience. Introduction: Automation has had a notable impact in a wide range of highly visible industries beyond manufacturing.Once- ubiquitous telephone operators have been replaced largely by automated telephone switchboards and answering machines. Medical processes such as primary screening in electrocardiography or radiography and laboratory analysis of human genes, sera, cells, and tissues are carried out at much greater speed and accuracy by automated systems. Automated teller machines have reduced the need for bank visits to obtain cash and carry out transactions. In general, automation has been responsible for the shift in the world economy from agrarian to industrial in the 19th century and from industrial to services in the 20th century. Automation Principle: 1. Understand the existing process Input/output analysis Value chain analysis Charting techniques and mathematical modeling 2. Simplify the process Reduce unnecessary steps and moves 3. Automate the process Ten strategies for automation and production systems Automation migration strategy Reasons for Automating: 1. To increase labor productivity 2. To
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