Indus Essay

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Mansarovar in Tibet Autonomous Region, the river runs a course through the Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir, India and then enters Northern Areas (Gilgit-Baltistan), flowing through the North in a southerly direction along the entire length Figure : Tributaries of the River Indus of Pakistan, to merge into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi in Sindh. The total length of the river is 3,180 kilometers (1,976 miles) and it is Pakistan's longest river. The river Chenab flows into the river Jhelum near Karana bar, which is later accompanied by the river Ravi near retina doab. The Bahawalpur plain is the point where the river Sutlej joins these tributaries. They then flow into the River Indus near Mithankot after flowing independently for 72 kilometers. Upper Indus Plain: The area north of Mithan Kot forms the Upper Indus Plain and is very fertile because of the soil brought in by the Indus River. A number of canals criss-cross the area, adding to the fertility of the land and producing cash crops. Thal desert west of Jhelum, once arid and lifeless is now being turned into a settled area, mainly because of the Jinnah Barrage and canals emanating from it. There are some small hills around Chiniot, Sargodha and Sangla which are being fast depleting for use in construction. The upper Indus plain consists of three subdivisions: the Himalayan piedmont, the doabs, and the Sulaiman piedmont (referred to locally as the Derajat). The Himalayan piedmont, or the sub-Shiwalik zone, is a narrow strip of land where the rivers enter into the plain from their mountain stage, thereby giving each a somewhat steeper gradient. The zone is characterized by numerous rivulets, which have produced a broken topography in parts of the zone. These streams remain dry except in the rainy season, when they swell into gushing streams with considerable erosive power. Lower Indus

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