Inductive Reasoning Essay

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1. After reviewing pages 454-459, 432-436 of your textbook, respond to the following: * Identify the differences between deductive and inductive arguments. * Additionally, explain how misleading reasoning is used to influence others. * Then, select a topic of interest to you and explain how you would come up with a reliable sample for obtaining peoples' opinions. 2. Reference the section "Empirical Generalization," on pages 457-458 of your textbook. The key criteria for inductive arguments in establishing viable sample populations are: * Is the sample known? * Is the sample sufficient? * Is the sample representative? Induction or inductive reasoning, sometimes called inductive logic, is the process of reasoning in which the premises of an argument are believed to support the conclusion but do not ensure it. It is used to ascribe properties or relations to types based on tokens (i.e., on one or a small number of observations or experiences); or to formulate laws based on limited observations of recurring phenomenal patterns. Deductive reasoning is dependent on its premises. That is, a false premise can possibly lead to a false result, and inconclusive premises will also yield an inconclusive conclusion. Both types of reasoning are routinely employed. One difference between them is that in deductive reasoning, the evidence provided must be a set about which everything is known before the conclusion can be drawn. Since it is difficult to know everything before drawing a conclusion, deductive reasoning has little use in the real world. This is where inductive reasoning steps in. Given a set of evidence, however incomplete the knowledge is, the conclusion is likely to follow, but one gives up the guarantee that the conclusion follows. However it does provide the ability to learn new things that are not obvious from

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