Indirect Instruction Essay

372 Words2 Pages
What is Indirect Instruction? In contrast to the direct instruction strategy, indirect instruction is mainly student-centred, although the two strategies can complement each other. Indirect instruction seeks a high level of student involvement in observing, investigating, drawing inferences from data, or forming hypotheses. It takes advantage of students' interest and curiosity, often encouraging them to generate alternatives or solve problems. In indirect instruction, the role of the teacher shifts from lecturer/director to that of facilitator, supporter, and resource person. The teacher arranges the learning environment, provides opportunity for student involvement, and, when appropriate, provides feedback to students while they conduct the inquiry (Martin, 1983). Indirect means that the learner acquires a behaviour indirectly by transforming, or constructing, the stimulus material into meaningful response or behaviour that differs from both (1) the content being used to present the learning and (2) any previous response given by the student -best to use when teaching concepts, abstractions, or patterns -best to use when the learning process is inquiry-based, the result is discovery, and the learning context is a problem. -Student-centred (student is an interactive participant)-teacher is facilitator. -uses all parts of Bloom’s taxonomy including Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation -indirect instruction involves: organizing content, inductive and deductive reasoning, examples and non-examples, student experiences, questions, student’s self-evaluation, and group discussion. Advantages Because of its constructivist nature, indirect instruction has the advantage of making the student an active learner. Learning is something that is "done by" the student, not "done to" the student, as the teacher moves from the role of instructor to one of facilitator.
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