Indian Sub-Continent Essay

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* Indian subcontinent- landmass that includes India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. * A wall of the highest mountain in the world- Hindu Kush, Karakorum, and Himalayan separate the region from the rest of the Asian Continent * The world largest mts. To the north and a large desert to the east helped protect the Indus Vally from Invasion. * The mts. Guard an enormous flat and fertile plain formed by two rivers the Indus and the Ganjes. * The Indus river flows southwest from the Himalayas to the Arabian Sea. Much of the lower Indus is occupied by the Thar Dessert. Farming is possible in areas only directly watered by Indus. * Ganjes drops down from the Himalayas and flows eastward across northern India. It joins the Brahmaptura River as it flows to the Bay of Bengal * Indis and Ganjes make up a large area that stretches 1700 miles across northern India and is caleed Indo- Gangnetic Plain. * These rivers carry not only water for irrigation but also silt which produces rich land for agriculture like the Nile, Tigris, and Euphrates. * Below the Indo-Gangetic plain, the southern part of the subcontinent is a peninsula that thrusts into the Indian Ocean. * The center is a high plateau cut by twisting rivers. This region is caleed the Deccan Plateau. * The plateau is framed by low mountain ranges called the Eastern and Western Ghats. These mountains keep moist air from reaching the plateau making a dry region. * Monsoons- Season winds that dominate Indias climate. * From Oct to Feb winter monsoons from the NE blow dry air westward across the country. Then from mid-June to Oct the winds shift. * These monsoons blow eastward from the southwest carrying moisture in great rain clouds. Powerful storms bring so much moisture that flooding often happens. * When summer monsoons fail to develop drought often causes crop disasters.
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