The Indian removal act, that was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, helped destroy Native American culture east of the Mississippi River. The Indian Removal Act authorized President Andrew Jackson to negotiate with the Native Americans for their homelands in exchange for federal territory west of the Mississppi river. In theory, the Native Americans were supposed to leave their homelands voluntarily. Instead, pressure was put on the Native Americans to sign the removal treaties and were forcibly moved, by the government, west of the mississippi river leaving behind their culture east of the mississippi river. Many of the Native Americans suffered from disease, starvation and death because of the forced relocation to the west.
From these two videos, I have a better understand of American Indian history overview. Especially from video Pride 101, Dr. Duane Champagne mentions the removal policy of Native Indians, and because of the policy, the tribes have to move from Southeast to Oklahoma. These two videos show audiences a long history and policy about American Indians and how struggled they had been through in a native land. After I finished from these two videos, I can see many parallels between the struggles the Native American Tribes and my people encounter dealing with the U.S. Government “You can never be part of Indian. You are or you are not.
The Indians had been persecuted, harmed, and removed from their land by whites ever since the very first years of colonization in America, and Western movement caused the final blow to these people. The Cherokees of Georgia made efforts to learn the ways of the whites by opening schools, adopting a written constitution, and even turning to slaveholding. For these efforts the Cherokees, along with the Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles, they were named the “Five Civilized Tribes.” But, these efforts were not good enough for the whites. In 1830 Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, providing for the transplanting of all Indian tribes then resident east of the Mississippi. In 1838, the US army forced the Cherokees from their homelands in the Trail of Tears into Indian Territory.
It is not until, 1830 when Andrew Jackson propose an act in removal of the Indians and push them to the west of the Mississippi Riverthe Indian removal act. At the turn of the nineteenth century, the Indian Removal was a US governmental policy with particular focus on the five civilized tribes of the South, to relocate the Native Americans which resided in their homelands east of the Mississippi to lands west not yet occupied by settlers. Today the state of Oklahoma is home to these numerous non-indigenous tribes and their lineages.Thomas Jefferson fathered the Indian Removal, by becoming the first presidential advocate to land hungry Americans. Settlers fueled by a deep seeded fear of Indians and consumed by greed believed that the Native American’s lands were prime agriculturally and further, that it was not fair that they were not allowed access to it. Continued expansion at the time was coined as the key to success, and that obtaining the Indian lands was in fact the only means to achieving this, settlers in turn viewed Indians as obstacles blocking the path of American progress.
After the American Revolutionary War, he joined a band of Shawnee to stop the invasion of white settlers’ flatboats that crossed down the Ohio River from Pennsylvania. “Tecumseh grew up to be a distinguished warrior in the Shawnee tribe.”(tecumsehbio.htm.) As Tecumseh early life, his family had to move about third time because of the attack by colonials and later American armies, as the Shawnee had allied with the British during the American Revolutionary War. His family finally settled near modern Bellefontaine, Ohio. When His tribe was pushed farther west by white settlers, Tecumseh became angry and took many raids to against whites on the frontier.
The Removal Act stated that the United States Government had the right to forcefully move the Native Americans to different lands as long as they compensated them for the land that they had to give up in the east. The US Government did not give the Native Americans any say regarding their move. Once the Removal Act signed into place they had to follow it. The move negatively impacted on the tribes’ health, their population and their way of living. Out of about 15,000 Cherokee that were forcefully moved to the West, about 4,000 died on the road there.
In 1830 the U.S. Congress passed the " Indian Removal Act", which many were Americans were against. The Cherokee's attempted to fight this law. In the "Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia" the Senate did not see them as a sovereign nation, but in 1838 the U.S. Supreme court ruled in favor of the Cherokees on the same matter, ruling they were a sovereign nation and made the removal laws invalid. The Cherokee Nation would have to agree on removal only by treaty. In 1835 the Cherokee Nation was divided and despondent.
When they won the French and Indian War, England had to make a few reforms. King George III declared the Proclamation of 1763, which forbid American colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains in an effort the stabilize relations with the Native Americans. However this angered many colonists who had land grants there and in turn, the Proclamation Line was ignored. This was the start of a series of disagreements between the two lands, as the American citizens began to gain a stronger taste for independence. Enlightenment writers such as John Locke, who patented the idea that it
There were two main political Parties during this time which was the democrat-republicans and the Whigs. Key figures of this party were James Polk and Henry Clay. Due to this the supreme court dealt with many cases one of these being ‘Worcester vs Georgia, executions of the the Indian tribes was seen as ethnic cleansing. The act saw many Native Americans moved out of their homes and into tremendous amounts of poverty. The Monroe doctrine was also introduced and The Monroe Doctrine represents a major landmark within American history and within Americas rise to international prominence.