Indian Ocean Tsunami Essay

2414 WordsOct 8, 201410 Pages
Introduction On 26 December 2004, a massive earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale struck off the coast of Sumatra triggering a devastating tsunami that affected 12 countries, taking 186,983 lives. Hundreds of thousands were displaced, 3 million people affected with the hardest hit countries being India, Indonesia, Maldives, Sri Lanka and Thailand along with Myanmar, Seychelles, Somalia and United Republic of Tanzania. In India, Tamil Nadu was worst affected (GAESC 2007). Government response, relief and rehabilitation efforts The Indian Tri-service (Indian Army, Indian Air Force and Indian Navy) were pressed into service to provide emergency support. The Ministry of Home Affairs was responsible for coordinating the responsibilities, mobilisation and dispatch of resources and logistics (MHA 2005). As part of immediate relief from the National Calamity Contingency Fund, 700 crores were released to the affected states and UTs. Tamil Nadu received 250 crores (Murty et. al. 2006). In Tamil Nadu, an NGO coordination centre was formed to ensure all areas received equal attention. The government called on 3 NGOs experienced in disaster work and asked them to set up the centre on the premises of collector’s office in Nagapattinam. The 3 NGOs included The South Indian Federation of Fishermen Societies (SIFFS) from Trivandrum, Nav Nirman Abhiyan from Buj and ACCORD from Nilgiris (Murty et. al. 2006). A compensation of Rs. 100000 was announced as compensation to family of every deceased person. Free notebooks, text books, two sets of uniforms, to children were distributed to children and orphanages were set up for children who had lost their parents, where adoption was allowed but under strict supervision (Murty et. al. 2006). Temporary shelters were promised before the Pongal festival which was just 19 days away though there was neither a policy nor infrastructure

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