Indian Colonisation Essay

256 WordsJan 2, 20122 Pages
Decolonisation is known as the process by which countries/ colonies become independent of a colonial power. In India, Britain was the colonial power ever since the 19th century. India soon became “the jewel of the British crown” as the riches of India were of great value to the British Empire. However valuable, India was separated by religion this resulted in grave consequences in the decolonisation of India. 400 million people were split between three religions, the Hindu’s, the Muslims and the Sikhs. Nationalism was growing and the tales of independence from European rule spread to India and inspired the people of India to unite and resist Britain’s rule. Western-style education was encouraged which developed an educated middle class consumed with the desire of independence, such as Nehru and Ghandi who were educated as lawyers in England. The spread of the English language, the development of technology and the growth of the Indian Congress party sparked an Indian independence movement. The Indian congress party wanted Independence with Ghandi as its leader it practised peaceful resistance. Ghandi’s practises were effective and irritated the British government. India received its first sign of hope when the British Government granted some power to India, they allowed India to have a national assembly under the control of the Governor General in the Government of India act in 1935. Independence now became a realistic aim. The war lead to the reawakening of nationalist impulses throughout India and significantly the All-India Congress Party campaign for Independence gained

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