Indian Civilization Essay

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Indian civilization Stacya Ager Instructor Bob Smith World History 4/28/11 Indus Civilization The Indus civilization was one of the earliest traces of civilization in the Indian subcontinent; many were located alongside or close to the Indus River. The Indus region was home of the four largest ancient urban civilizations of Egypt which were, Mesopotamia, South Asia, and China. None of which were discovered until the 1920’s. Today most of its ruins, even its major cities, remain to be excavated. The Indus valley civilization was definitely an urban civilization. This defies the concept of India as being an agrarian economy. The civilization had a distinctive merchant class, which was involved in extensive trading. Harappa was a city in the Indus Valley civilization that came about around 2600 to 1700 BCE in the western part of Southern Asia. Mohenjo Daro or “Mound of the Dead” is another famous ancient city of the Indus Valley civilization which came about between 2600and 1900 BCE. It was one of the first ancient cities in the world. Both regions are part of present day Pakistan. The site was discovered in the 1920’s and lies in Pakistan’s Sindh province. Only a handful of archeologists have excavated here, described in the introduction and illustrated essay of Mohenjo-Daro: An ancient Indus Valley Metropolis. The Indus Valley people were believed to be called Dravidians, who have been pushed down into South India when the Aryans commenced their migrations to India around 2, 00 BCE. The ruins of the cities indicate that the Indus valley civilization was highly evolved and advanced. The Indus valley civilization contributed many things to the Indian civilization which include but are not limited to, Indian literature such as an Epic poem called Arthasastra which entails the ruthless times of territorial
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