India Essay

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------------------------------------------------- India From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about the Republic of India. For other uses, see India (disambiguation). Republic of IndiaBharat Ganrajya | | | Flag | Emblem | | Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit) "Truth Alone Triumphs"[1] | Anthem: Jana Gana Mana "Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"[2][3] | National song: Vande Mataram "I Bow to Thee, Mother"[a][1][4] | Area controlled by India shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green. | Capital | New Delhi 28°36.8′N 77°12.5′E | Largest city | Mumbai (population/area) | Official languages | * Hindi * English * Hindi in the Devanagariscript is the official language of the Union.English is an additional co-official language for Government work.[1] | Recognised regional languages | 8th Schedule * Assamese * Bengali * Bodo * Dogri * Gujarati * Hindi * Kannada * Kashmiri * Konkani * Maithili * Malayalam * Manipuri * Marathi * Nepali * Odia * Punjabi * Sanskrit * Santali * Sindhi * Tamil * Telugu * Urdu | Demonym | Indian | Government | Federal parliamentary constitutional republic[1] | - | President | Pranab Mukherjee | - | Vice President | Mohammad Hamid Ansari | - | Prime Minister | Manmohan Singh (INC) | - | Speaker of the House | Meira Kumar (INC) | - | Chief Justice | Altamas Kabir[5] | Legislature | Parliament of India | - | Upper house | Rajya Sabha | - | Lower house | Lok Sabha | Independence from the United Kingdom | - | Dominion | 15 August 1947 | - | Republic | 26 January 1950 | Area | - | Total | 3,287,263 km2[b] (7th) 1,269,219 sq mi | - | Water (%) | 9.6 | Population | - | 2011 census | 1,210,193,422[6] (2nd) | - | Density | 373.9/km2 (31st)

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