Incarceration Of Women Essay

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Major Policy Issues Regarding the Incarceration of Women The incarceration policies of women have been the subject for debate for quite some time. While the policies may differ in different parts of the country, the one thing that remains the same is the ultimate goal of reformation. Although women only make up a mere 7% of the prison population and 11% of jail populations, the growth rate of incarcerated females to males since 1981 is steadily increasing. Generally, the characteristics of women in prison are similar. Like men, female inmates in state prisons are usually youthful offenders, have little to no education, and are affiliated with minority groups. On the other hand, unlike men, women are more likely to be serving sentences for drug or alcohol abuse and non violent property crimes. According…show more content…
One major concern of these prisons is the lack of variety in the vocational and educational programs, and the programs that have been already put in to place are typically of a feminine nature. Another issue is the war on drugs. From 1986 to 1996, the number of women sentenced to state prisons for drug abuse has dramatically increased from 3,000 to 20,000. That is 12% of women in 1986 and 32.8% in 1991. Luckily, prisons do offer drug rehabilitation programs to help these people upon release. Unfortunately drug addiction isn't the biggest issue at stake. Medical neglect of women in U.S. prisons greatly encourages better health care programs for those in need. Inmate's who suffer from treatable diseases such as asthma, diabetes, sickle cell anemia, cancer and seizures, have barely any access to medical attention, which could result in death or leaving somebody paralyzed. Partial reason for this lack of attention is because there is far too little staff to meet the needs of these people. This could lead to poor quality treatment and a delay before receiving any type of
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