In What Ways Was Dynastic Marriage Important in Henry Vii's Relations with Foreign Powers in the Years 1487-1509 Essay

789 WordsJan 30, 20134 Pages
In what ways was Dynastic Marriage important in Henry VII’s relations with foreign powers in the years 1487-1509? Foreign policy was a prominent issue throughout Henry VII’s reign. England was comparatively weak on the European stage, forcing Henry to follow a policy in which dynastic marriage was crucial in achieving peace, prosperity and international recognition of his kingship. However, not all dynastic marriages worked in Henry VII’s favour, some directly threatening England’s security. The aim of the marriages of Henry’s children into the royal houses of foreign powers was to establish the Tudor dynasty as rightful rulers of England. Acknowledgement of kingship was vital to Henry VII, who was a usurper of the English crown, and by marrying his family to foreign monarchs he could gain international recognition of his status. A suitable marriage would result in a foreign power having a vested interest in the Tudor dynasty so as to maintain peace between themselves and the new English rulers. The marriage of Prince Arthur and Catherine of Aragon was a prime example of this. Spain, which was united in 1469 by the marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile, had become a major power in Europe. The marriage in 1501 provided Henry with the prestige of close relations with one of Europe’s strongest powers and the international recognition he required. Dynastic marriages were also important as a method of providing solidity to treaties. The signing of peace treaties was vital to Henry’s foreign policy and a royal marriage was an ideal method of making these treaties last. The marriage of Princess Margaret and James VI of Scotland was imperative in the signing of the Treaty of Perpetual Peace. Scotland and England were historic enemies and many English kings had led campaigns against Scotland. However, Henry VII sought peace with Scotland in the Treaty of
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