The result of the 1945 election was a shock to not only the people of Britain but also the parliamentary parties, one of the main reasons thought to have led to Labour’s victory, was Churchill’s radio broadcast, in which he stated socialism could not be established without a ‘Gestapo’. Source one, an extract from Margaret Thatcher’s book, explains her thoughts when listening to Churchill’s 1945 radio broadcast. Thatcher believes Churchill said was correct in what he said, but his use of the word ‘Gestapo’ was inappropriate, and wasn’t particularly helpful for post-war Britain. However it could be argued Thatcher knew that what Churchill said was a mistake, but as she was part of the same conservative party as he was, she couldn’t admit it. Although, she does admit even she was shocked when listening to the speech, as she explains “the line was not believable”.
War Photography Most people view war photography as a protest of the war. Displaying horrific photos of war is viewed as a means of providing insight into real life on the battlefield. Originally, public photos in relation to the war were used as propaganda to gain war support from civilians, and were heavily restricted by government regulations. Today, on the other hand, distribution rules on war photography have relaxed in terms of the amount released; however, rules on the photographs distributed are subject to stricter regulations and government scrutiny. Despite the fact that war photography is widely understood to provide insight into the real terrors of war, there are many flaws in the believed objectivity of these photos.
Another reason to why America is to blame is after the success of the atomic bomb the members of the Grand Alliance began to see changes in Truman’s behaviour as he started to control the meetings they had and Stalin refused to be bossed around so arguments between Stalin and Truman started, they started. The USSR is to blame for the breakdown of the Grand Alliance for many reasons. One reason is that the USSR wanted to impose big respirations on Germany but America and Great Britain refused as they knew how it would affect Germany and could cause another war. A second reason is that Stalin wanted most of Europe to become communist, Roosevelt and Churchill didn’t agree. After Truman became Americas new President there was a lot of tension at the Potsdam Conference.
Mao criticised Khrushchev for his policies such as de-Stalinisation and his secret speech. He was also very critical of the policy of Peaceful Coexistence as he believed it was a way of being friendly with the United States (the enemy) and also Mao saw it abandoning millions of comrades struggling to free themselves of capitalist and imperialist oppression. This, therefore, made the USSR an ‘enemy’. How could two countries work together if they had such differing beliefs about how to run their countries? This problem had a big contribution to the split as they couldn’t agree on anything, and if they did, it was because their national interests were at risk.
Republican policies blamed Europes economic problems and not the USA for the Depression because Europe would not import any of their goods, since they could not afford to. Also, they thought that they should leave business alone to bring back prosperity but that made things even worse, by leaving things alone because it was getting worse, it looked like Hoover didn’t care of what was happening and didn’t want to help. Also, Republicans thought and feared that if the government helped people, they would become less self-governing and less willing to work. The last reason on why Roosevelt won the election, was Roosevelt’s election campaign. He went on a big tour around the USA in the weeks before the election.
In the short term, the Munich Putsch was a failure. 16 Nazis were killed by police. Kahr was slow to support the Nazis, and it took a lot of convincing for him to do so. When he finally did agree to support them, Ludendorff let Kahr and his men leave, and they immediately alerted the authorities. Hitler was arrested.
So, when the Party portrays the past a hellish world full of poverty, destruction and slavery - the people will begin to believed the Party has rescued them from this, especially when the party feeds them more lies about all the things they have done to help the people. Memory is also a powerful tool. The people who lived before the revolution would know of the world before and so in turn know the Party has done very little for them. This is why the Party keeps a strict control of things like history textbooks and personal mementos. By destroying records of the past, they're also limiting the memories of those people
Forche portrays this idea through his poem stating, “There was some talk then of how difficult it had become to govern”(Force 560). Forche is using his previous feelings of government to explain how corrupt the country the main character lives in. The poem is an allusion to the likes Nazi Germany, where civilians were allowed no legal rights. These regimes controlled “control over the economy, regulation and restriction of free discussion and criticism, the use of mass surveillance, and widespread use of terror tactics.” (Arendt W) These set laws put fear into the people of the country making them turn to extreme tactics for safety. “Broken bottles were embedded in the walls around the house to scoop the kneecaps from a man’s leg or cut his hands to lace.”(Forche 559) This use of protection alludes to a need for safety, as the Jews needed protections from the Nazi’s.
The Chrysalids versus Slavery The Chrysalids, an excellent book by John Windham takes place in a post nuclear war era. After the Nuclear war had happened, there were some people that were born with an extra body part. In the book, “The Chrysalids”, the governance of a small city called Waknuk said that “Anything that is not normal is a form of the devil.” That being said, children who were born and did not look like a “perfect creation... [Of god] were cast out into the fringes to fend for themselves. Often the children would either die of harsh weather conditions or they would die of hunger. During the time period of 1896, a black man named Homer Plessy wanted to change the segregation laws.
He wanted to cripple Germany so France would never feel threatened again. Adolf Hitler promised that if he became the leader of Germany then he would abolish the Treaty of Versailles, not just because it was unfair but because it was a constant reminder to them that they were defeated in the First World War. In 1933, Hitler broke one of the Terms of the Treaty by increasing Germany’s armed forces. By doing this reduced unemployment and helped to protect Germany from future attacks. Hitler got away with this because Britain had sympathy for Germany and in 1935 signed a naval agreement with them.