Although there were a few cases of the Tsar redistributing land to the peasants Riasanovsky claims that the “Fundamental inequality and widespread destitution could not be remedied by a re-division of the peasants inadequate land” This further brings the idea of Marxism into Russia which is discussed later. Although we see a positive action from the Tsar in relation to the inequality of the Russian people it did little to change or help the Russian society. This further displays that Nicholas had little knowledge of how to run a country
This source describes Russia in 1917. The Russian armies eventually collapsed in 1917, but this was due more to poor leadership, inadequate supplies and political developments at home, than to defeat in the field. Russia’s cities experienced food shortages. There was inflation and enthusiasm for the war had been replaced by discontent and waves of strikes. By early 1917 all the ingredients for revolution existed in Russia.
Alexandra appointed Rasputin, who had saved her sons life, as her personal adviser. This outraged many politicians and nobles due to her letting a peasant into the winter palace. The Tsarina replaced many advisors and ministers with those who had a weaker political position due to her fearing that they could challenge the Tsars authority. These actions reflected badly on the Tsar due to many politicians losing power due to his actions. The Tsar made many failures as Commander in chief of the army especially at the battle of Tannenburg where the majority of the Russian second army was destroyed which forced the Russian army to retreat.
Explain how each level of the cartoon in source 3.5 provides criticism of the Tsar’s government. Why wasn’t it published in Russia? 2. How useful is this source to a historian studying working conditions at the turn of the 20th century? This source would be useful to a historian studying the living conditions at the trun of the 20th century.
How significant was the work of reforming leaders in changing the nature of Russian government and society in the period from 1856-1964? Intentionalist historians such as Westwood, would say that the most significant factor for changing the nature of Russian government and society was the work of reforming leaders, such as Alexander II who carried out the Emancipation of the Serfs in 1861: “with the possible exception of Khrushchev, no other Russian ruler did so much to reduce the suffering of the Russian people”1. I agree with intentionalist’s views to an extent because reforming leaders did have a major impact in pushing reforms through however other factors of change must be considered. I also agree with a structuralist point of view, that the Russian people and key pressure groups like the Social Revolutionaries also played a significant part in changing the nature of Russian government and society. In addition, World War II introduced change through industrialisation, which was key to Russia’s success in the war.
Define proletariat, the Bolsheviks, and Rasputin? : Proletariat was known as the workers : Bolsheviks was a group that was supporting a small number of committed revolutionaries willing to sacrifice everything for change : Rasputin was a self-described holy man. 6. What cursed the Revolutionary movement in Russia? : The revolutionary movement in Russia was caused by the workers were not happy of there low standard of living and little of political power.
The reign of Peter I's daughter Elizabeth in 1741–62 saw Russia's participation in the Seven Years' War (1756–63). During this conflict Russia annexed East Prussia for a while and even took Berlin. However, upon Elisabeth's death, all these conquests were returned to Kingdom of Prussia by pro-Prussian Peter III of Russia. Catherine II (the Great), who ruled in 1762–96, presided over the Age of Russian Enlightenment. She extended Russian political control over the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and incorporated most of its territories into Russia during the Partitions of Poland, pushing
2. Westernize (modernize) Russia! *Peter I Visits Western Europe. From 1697-98, Peter spent 18 months in Western Europe (incognito) leading a delegation that visits Germany, the Netherlands, England, and Austria. 1698, Peter returned to Moscow to crush a revolt by the streltsy or elite guards which he did without mercy (over 1200 executed).
Her influence on him as a wife was great but she wasn’t very helpful at converting Nicholas into a strong ruler instead she would argue with him against any move towards constitutional monarchy and urge Nicholas to put his autocratic will without regard for the constraints of the law. Moreover, according to the sources, she was never liked by the Russian people or the Russian court hence it added to people’s list of dislike for Nicholas more. She loved Nicholas and her family deeply and demanded the Tsar to spend most of his time with the family which meant he couldn't pay much of his attention to the matters of the nation. As a result, people decided to abolish Russian autocratic
During this time, Russian cities were dying because all the workers and peasants were focused on rebelling against the government and seizing the land of their landlords, instead of working in the factories and living the life of a peasant or urban worker. The Russian Revolution of 1905 only decreased the strength of the empire further but a positive outcome for the people of Russia was instituted. Sergei Witte suggested an elected legislative assembly and after the Revolution of 1905, The Duma, a parliamentary institution, was established. Although the Revolution was officially over, violence and tension continued,