Career Counseling with Diverse and Multicultural Clients Walden University Career Counseling with Diverse and Multicultural Clients Career counseling a client from a different cultural background is not the same as counseling someone from our own culture. One will find when counseling diverse clients there are many barriers faced by these individuals which must be addressed if one wishes to help these individual. Unfortunately, many counselors may be too afraid to try methods considered not traditional as a way to help these clients. For this assignment, I will discuss how diversity affects career counseling, factors that influence career development, and list any insights I have gained in counseling a diverse population. Issues Affecting Career Counseling Goals Clients from multicultural populations will be facing barriers, making it difficult for both the counselor and the client when attempting to set goals.
Modalities are used by altering the language to suit personality and client individuality. Using the correct or dominant modality for clients at the beginning of an induction means that the experience will be enhanced as the sub conscious will be more responsive to the internal representations. Without the use of modalities, clients will have to listen to language imagery that they feel less comfortable with and therefore may feel on edge which may make the hypnosis process less
Ethnocentrism is the way an individual look at the world from his/her own beliefs in their culture. They feel that their culture, race, or ethnic group is more significant and that their culture is more superior than any other culture of other groups. In feeling this way the individuals will judge other groups, such as their behavior, the language in which they use, religion. How it could be detrimental to society is that it could lead to false speculation about the differences in cultures. It leads to society making premature judgments about other cultures, not knowing all the facts about another culture.
Gaining new information about people or other groups b. Diffusing more serious conflict c. Increasing cohesiveness Conflict as Destructive: Assumptions: a. conflict is a destructive disturbance of the peace, the social system should be adjusted to the needs of members; rather, members should adapt to established values When conflict does arise, the strong spiritual value of pacifism dictates a nonresistant response-often avoidance. Ting-Toomey (1991): suggests that these orientations are based on different cultural values for identity and face saving. Low conflict cultures 1. Interpersonal practices that build security and trust 2. Strong linkage between individual and community interests 3.
They can value and celebrate differences in others rather than maintain an ethnocentric stance and can demonstrate comfort with differences between themselves and others. They have an awareness of personal and professional limitations that may warrant the referral of a client to another victim service provider or agency that can best meet the clients' needs. Self-awareness also helps in understanding the process of cultural identity formation and helps guard against stereotyping. As one develops the diversity within one’s own group, one can be more open to the diversity within other groups. Cultural competence also requires victim service providers to appreciate how workers need to move from cultural awareness to cultural sensitivity before achieving cultural competence, and to evaluate growth and development throughout these different levels of cultural competence in practice.
In our multicultural society we need to learn to live with difference in a constructive way. Difference should not be seen just as a problem but as a potential for growth. Both clients and counsellors bring with them certain cultural attitudes, values, beliefs and behaviours. Societal and political events apply pressures and condition us and through these events we become socialised and learn what is expected of us. We see our roles as fixed and
LD 201 understand the context of supporting individuals with learning disabilities 1. identify legislation and policies that are designed to promote the human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities One of the main causes of discrimination is the fear and lack of understanding of others because they are different. In order to prevent discrimination it is important to value people and treat them differently in order to meet their different needs. -Human Rights Act 1998 become law in 2000 gives people rights that there were intended to prevent discrimination -Mental Capacity Act 2005 -Care Standard Act 2000 -Disability Discrimination Act 1995-2005 -Equality Act 2010 -National Health service and Community Act 1990 -procedure and policies of any organization -Codes of Practice 2. explain how this legislation and policies influence the day to day experiences of individuals with learning disabilities and their families. Human Rights Act 1998 - improved the standards of care given individuals with learning disability, it gave individual the right of life, right to privacy and the right not to be subject to degradnig or inhuman treatment Equality act 2010 - protects the rights of individuals and promotes equality for all , gives the right for all people to be treated in the same way regardless of race, age, sex or disability Disability Discrimination Act 1995-2005 - made it unlawful for employers to discriminate against people based on a disability, it gave individuals a greater chance to live a full life and achive what they would like to do. It also ensured that provisions for disabled people in employment are met.
In doing a review Cynthia provides a valuable information with the respect of multicultural diversity that would affect the human service field of today. As a human service professional, you provide a services to a diverse population from a many different ethical viewpoints. There are many challenges in understanding other cultural beliefs, values and also ethical practices. The perspectives such as the social aspect that comes as a part the changing in relationships in reference to the racially ethics and the difference of multicultural counseling. As a human service professional, you would have to in the case of Cynthia encouraging the unique value and also characteristics of human services.
Some of the challenges that arise when communicating with different cultures are difference in communication styles, attitudes towards conflict, decision-making styles, and approaches on tasks. It is important we accept each and everyone’s differences. Non-verbal communication may be more effective when dealing with different cultures and languages. Effective communication requires special attention and consideration from each party. When cultural barriers exist, one must rely on nonverbal communication to relay the correct message.
(301.1) Understand the principles of developing positive relationships with children, young people and adults. 1.3 Explain how different social, professional and cultural contexts may affect relationships and the way people communicate. Different social, professional and cultural contexts may affect relationships and the way people communicate due to a lack of understanding of one another’s background and culture. There are some behaviour’s that may be perceived differently by different people, for example the way a person dresses may be accepted by one culture but not by another, therefore offending them and increasing breakdown of a relationship When communicating with others you need to consider the way in which you are working. Sometimes you need to adapt the way you communicate in different situations.