In Favour of Moderate Ethical Objectivism

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Essay #1: In Support of Moderate Ethical Objectivism Pojman and Fieser put forth a theory of moderate objectivism that asserts that there are objective moral truths. They claim that a moral claim is objectively true when it describes an objective moral principle. An objective moral principle is a rule, which if generally followed, would optimally perform the function of serving human needs and interests by reducing harmful social conflict and promoting beneficial social cooperation. (Luco, Week 6 Notes, p3). This essay aims to prove ethical objectivism by using the form of moderate objectivism. I will first prove the truth of the various premises of this argument and then consider the strongest objection against moderate objectivism that is the queerness argument. The queerness argument put forth by Mackie is in favour of error theory. Firstly, there is a need to establish that there is a common human nature; there is a common set of interests that is independent of cultural influences. A common human nature is an ambiguous term to use and it is impossible to establish that everyone have the same interests. There are individuals who deviate from the interests that most people have. For example, the mentally ill may not value survival; some of them can be suicidal. Thus, I narrow the definition of common human nature to the needs and interests of the healthy general population, for if we consider the mentally ill people, it will only yield a “cripple psychology” (Maslow, A Theory of Human Motivation). Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model states that there are different levels of human’s needs, namely the physiological, safety, love, esteem and self actualization. Maslow argues that lower level needs must be satisfied before a higher level need. Although I do not agree that the needs to be satisfied in a hierarchical order as this order may be different in every

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