CHAPTER 28 The New Power Balance, 1850–1900 CHAPTER OUTLINE I. New Technologies and the World Economy A. Railroads 1. By 1850 the first railroads had proved so successful that every industrializing country began to build railroad lines. Railroad building in Britain, France, Germany, Canada, Russia, Japan, and especially in the United States fueled a tremendous expansion in the world’s rail networks from 1850 to 1900.
The length of railway tracks in Russia increased form 31219 miles in 1891 to 58392 miles by 1904. In the same time period, Russia’s coal production increased from 6.01 million tonnes to 18.67 million tonnes. This shows how the government’s investment in expanding and modernizing the country’s railways resulted in significant economic gains. This was a result of an increased ability to transport raw materials to areas with the greatest population, such as the area surrounding St Petersburg. The railways, particularly the Trans-Siberian railway, also gave Eastern Russia a link to Europe and Western Russia a link to the Pacific Ocean, which made it easier to export Russian goods.
Slavery and population had a big affect on the next 100 years of the United States history. The US also changed diversely with new innovations like roads, waterways, railroads, steamboats, and refrigerated railroad cars. A few new innovations that changed or improved from 1776 to 1870 are the roadways, waterways, railroads, steamboats, and refrigerated railroad cars. Roadways were an innovation that created a way for easier, and faster transportation. Waterways were also a way for transportation, to cut out a lot of land, and cut out time.
Governmental agencies became involved in the steamboats with Fulton and Livingston when their Monopoly took over waterways, restricting the travel up and down the Hudson Years after the Civil War saw major technological industrialization and advances like the railroad. The technological advances made it possible to start America's westward expansion and economic development by connecting the frontier with the industrial, financial, and political centers of the East . Americans began to rely upon technological advancements like the railroad, electrical power, and telephone systems for economic and/or social growth and development. Shortly following the same groups of inventors took on land travel. By putting strong constantly modified steam engines in the first
The telegraph invented in the 1830’s allowed instantaneous to become possible with the use of Morris Code. This increased commerce communication and led to things such as uniform pricing of goods throughout the country. With all of these advancements in transportation and communication taking place, the westward movements of people beyond the Appalachian Mountains flourished. 4.5 Million people crossed the mountains, and this quickly led to the formation of six new states in: Illinois, Alabama, Missouri, and Minnesota. The people traveled in groups and with the new advancements in communication and technology they could quickly establish communities and generate commerce for growth.
There were a lot of changes that took place in the American family and its individual members during 1920’s. . The 1920s caused America to undergo a huge cultural transformation, but without it, the United States would not be the country it is today. The people involved introduced new literature, art, music, philosophies, and outlooks on education into our culture. Manufacturing output per hour of work increased .productivity increased from improved machinery.
The American Industrial Revolution changed many lives of many American during the 1800’s and early 1900’s. She was becoming one of the most important industrial nations during this period through aggressive political negotiations, economical and military power. Americans were discovering better ways of manufacture of goods, making transportation more reliable and creating communication more accessible to the general public. The population began to grow at a rapid rate and technological advances promoted the growth of industries in rural areas throughout the US. New technologies allowed business owners to reduce labor and the hours in the movement of materials from one point to the other.
It also had a stable government, which allowed for the people to begin industrializing in the first place, harbors for trade, a very large population resulting in a very large workforce, and many water ways throughout the country to transport materials and products as well as to use for water power at mills. There are several reasons why the Industrial revolution started in the first place. One reason being that there was widespread resistance to disease in Europe as well as a reliable food supply, allowing for steady population growth, which in return created more demand for products, which in turn resulted in new ways of producing products more efficiently in response to demand. As a result of Industrialization, a new economic philosophy arose. Capitalism called for the lack of government intervention in the economy.
Section 3 CHAPTER 9 Industrial development in the United States paralleled industrialization in Britain. What were some favorable conditions that sparked industrialization in both Britain and the United States? Many new machines were powered by running water, so inventors built spinning mills near rivers and hired many workers to run the machines. The new machines led to the growth of the factory system, which brought workers and machines together in one place to manufacture goods What factors led to the great expansion of U.S. industry in the late 1800s? The USA started exporting and importing goods with other countries.
America Transformed Timeline and Paper HIS/110 January 31, 2011 America Transformed Timeline and Paper The industrialization of America contributed to the economic development of the country in many, many ways. Firstly, we need to define industrialization, which usually refers to a change from home and hand production to machine and factory production. The invention of water-powered spinning and weaving machines greatly increased production of material. The cotton gin, which was invented by Eli Whitney in 1794, greatly increased the cultivation of cotton in the south. When steam power replaced water power, industries and factories arose, creating industrialized areas which attracted more and more people with the promise of paying jobs.