Improvement of transportation and communication in the 1800s

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In the 1800s, many new inventions were made which increased the mechanization of America. Transportation was improved greatly all over the world. In America, railroads were set up which increased the flow of goods. Methods of communication were also developed. Overall, big changes were made in the way Americans lived in this time period. Improvements in transportation were seen in the creation of highways, steamboats, canals, and the railroad. The Lancaster Turnpike, which is still in use today, went from Philadelphia to Lancaster and it brought economic expansion east. Another important highway that was built was the National Road, which went from Maryland to Illinois. The steamboat was invented by Robert Fulton in 1807. The steamboat created an increase of U.S. trade because the wind direction or water current did not affect when goods could be delivered. The steamboat allowed reverse transport between the west and the south, and it contributed to the development of their economies. Governor DeWitt Clinton had the idea for a canal between Lake Erie and the Hudson River. It was called the Erie Canal. The canal shortened the expense and time of transportation. Also, cities grew along the canal, and the price of food was reduced. One of the biggest creations of this time was the creation of the steam engine in Europe. When the invention made its way to America, railroads began popping up along the east coast. Numerous lines were built around the Appalachian Mountains, and the first transcontinental railroad was built in the 1860s. Railroads provided a much faster way to transport goods and people. Communication was also greatly improved in this time period. One example of its improvement is that of the telegraph machine. Created by Samuel Morse, the telegraph machine provided easy communication between long distances. “Morse Code” is still
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