266, that a petition to a Government official was actionable if prompted by "express malice," which was defined as "falsehood and the absence of probable cause," and nothing has been presented to suggest that that holding should be altered. Nor do the Court's decisions interpreting the Petition Clause in contexts other than defamation indicate that the right to petition is absolute. The Clause was inspired by the same ideals of liberty and democracy that resulted in the First Amendment freedoms to speak, publish, and assemble, and there is
The judge appreciated the right to privacy as envisioned under the constitution but argued that the value of intelligence outweighed the right. He therefore arrived at a conclusion that the exercise conducted by NSA in collecting personal and telephone data was merited for security purpose. He further stated that the data was purely collected with the intention of protecting the same people from
The first one is that our rights are not well enough protected. If we had a written constitution with a proper Bill of Rights, as they have in America, we would feel safer and more sure that we would be protected from governments that wish to take too much power. We have lost many of our rights in the UK and this is because we do not have a written Bill of Rights and because government and Parliament have too much uncontrolled power. Another argument is that the people of the UK would feel more patriotic and identify more with politics if there was a written and codified constitution as they have in the USA. Every American citizen knows about their constitution and they are proud of it.
With the foundation of a federal government, that government can regulate and maintain both domestic and international trade without individual state interference, therefore making the United States one of the most important trading countries in the western world. This is only one possible explanation, another might be that they honestly did purely want to build a government for the people of the United States and by the people, which is supported by Paul Johnson’s writings. Other debates between intentions lie behind the injection of United States into the Vietnam conflict. Some historians say that the reason for our entrance into the conflict was to protect democracy and stop the spread of communism. Others say that the U.S. involvement wasn’t to protect democracy but to protect our economic interests in the nearby South Pacific and Middle East.
The acts were passed by a Federalist Congress in 1798. The Alien Laws raised the residency requirements for citizenship to fourteen years and granted the president power to deport foreigners considered “dangerous” even in times of peace. This violated the customary open door hospitality of the United States. The Sedition Act made anyone convicted of defaming government officials or policies liable to imprisonment. It gained a great deal of criticism from the Democratic-Republicans.
I believe this case did some damage to America’s founding principle and this is evident in or society today. Now I understand why Justice Breyer in the debate with Justice Scalia thought that in the case where there is open language, one must look at the history surrounding the creation of the statute. America is a great country with resilient citizens and as an
Although British had the victorious win, fighting this war was very expensive. The British wished to cover the cost of the war. The British believed that as they had made America secure and safe, the Americans should bear some of the costs of achieving this security. As a result of this, they enforced Navigation Act and the costs associated with the two new taxes led to protests. A newly-formed Stamp Act Congress formed by delegates from nine colonies objected the British ideas based on the principle of “no taxation without representation.” This was the
Another premiss is “Severe laws against marijuana do not discourage use of marijuana, but rather breed this contempt not only for drug laws but for laws in general.” This ties in with the first premiss, but can stand alone as its’ own as well. The conclusion would be “Severe laws against marijuana are more dangerous to society than the activity that they are designed to prevent.” This is a conclusion that explains its two premisses and makes an argument against the laws in which are enforced to prevent the use of marijuana. Also, in this case for this particular argument there are no extra superfluous premises. This is mainly because almost all the argument is used for the conclusion and
However, by looking back the history, we can make a responsible conclusion that the liberalization of speech can neither jeopardize the stability, nor undermine the nation. Instead, it helps to evolve nations into new stages where civilians’ free will is protected and democracy is finalized in the mainland of China. Indeed, speech as a way of expressing thoughts and views, when it carries out free thoughts, it also produces chaos. Especially when the conflicts of interest are confronted, people can hardly leverage between personal and public interests. Recalling to the Li Gang incident, a famous case across
The Most Important US Constitutional Right: The Freedom of Speech Today, many wonder the usefulness of their freedom of expression when it is almost impossible for their voices to be heard by others without the access to TV networks or popular websites. The United States Constitution was written to protect citizens from being incarcerated due to their beliefs or thoughts, not to make sure every American’s voice could be heard by as many people as one would like. The right to free speech is still valuable, even if getting others to hear your voice without influence is difficult. The reason that this amendment was so important to the founding fathers was that it fixed a problem which had driven many people from England in the first place. Nobody knew what free speech was during the time of the writing of the constitution.