Importance Of Quality Improvement In Health Care

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Unit 2 Discussion Board By Anita L. Greenway Quality Improvement In Health Care The American College of Physicians (ACP) provides physicians and their health care teams with implementing quality improvement. For example, through virtual presentations and coaching calls, ACP staff will guide participants in using online QI tools and registries where information can be uploaded from paper charts or electronic health records. Current quality improvement programs at ACP include Adult Immunization, Diabetes and PQRS, Cardiovascular Risk, and Diabetes Care. Diabetes Care This QI program is team based, focused on identifying and addressing gaps in diabetes knowledge and practice among physicians and their staff members to genuinely improve…show more content…
For example, in 2006, the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) report found that between forty four thousand and ninety eight thousand Americans die yearly as due to medical errors. Medication errors alone is the estimated culprit of over seven thousands deaths annually compared to the six thousand yearly deaths due to injuries in the workplace. Even though most of the debate on medical errors has been aimed at hospital settings, errors may happen in other settings like doctor offices, outpatient surgical facilities, nursing homes, and retail pharmacies. Total costs of medical malpractice resulting in injury are between seventeen billion and twenty nine billion dollars, with healthcare costs taking over fifty percent. Medicare reimbursed hospitals an added three hundred thousand dollars annually, or three tenth percent of annual Medicare hospital spending, for five kinds of adverse events. IOM has identified six aims for quality improvement in healthcare including: Safe – Eliminating injuries to patients from care that is intended to help them. Effective – Providing services based on scientific knowledge to all who benefit and refraining from providing services to those unlikely to benefit. Patient Centered – Ensuring care that’s respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs, and values and ensuring that patient values guide clinical decisions.…show more content…
Efficient – Avoiding waste of equipment, supplies, ideas and energy. Equitable – Providing care that does not differ in quality due to personal characteristics like gender, ethnicity, geographic location, and socioeconomic status. Healthcare recently has implemented the six sigma philosophy to reduce errors like processes that lead to defects. This philosophy depends on statistical analysis of data and strong problem solving methods. For example, it minimizes the failure rate to 3.4 defects per million opportunities, which transforms to a 99.9996 percent success rate. Along with six sigma, consistent improvement emphasizes scientific methods to seek continual improvement via suggestions of healthcare managers and providers. The Deming PDCA cycle which refers to plan, do, check, and act fosters continuous improvement (IOM, 2014). The consequences of a health care manager or provider not being actively involved in quality improvement programs are as follows: Variation in Services – An indicator that health care practice is lacking in evolving science of health care to ensure evidence based practice in the

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