Second, humans wouldn’t benefit from a contract with animals since we already have rights. Third, the way we treat animals is not reciprocal, since animals don’t perform tests on us or use our skin for clothing. In the end, it would mean that if both of our groups form a contract together, our obligations would naturally differ. Rights given to animals would tremendously downgrade our human welfare. By giving animals human-rights, we wouldn’t be able to test our unstable products on them which would then demote consumer-safety.
Dumping is when a company is unable to use or sell their product due to the fact that it may cause harm to the environment, animals, or humans. One example of a dumped product is the pajamas that were made with flame-retardant chemical Tris. These pajamas were banned from being sold and recalled by the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission. Another example is the pesticides that are illegal to use in the United States, yet these chemical were dumped into other countries that used these pesticides on their crops, which the harvested crops were then shipped into the US. Dumping does indeed raise moral issue because if the product is for some reason unsafe to sell in the United States, then it should never be allowed to be dumped into other counrties because it still is considered unsafe no matter which country it is in.
It can be argued from the anarchist perspective that the state is an oppressive body, which undermines human reason and the capacity for self governance. Laws do not solve the problem, rather they make individuals dependant on outside authorities, to regulate out lives and provide answers for problems that may arise. Therefore, we lose our reason and ability to think for ourselves, we lose out natural autonomy. Thus a state has the opportunity to put a moral code upon us which we cannot question as we become dependant on the rules of the state. Godwin argued that human beings are naturally rational and have the
EXISTENTIALISM - "pertaining to existence." S.Schaffer Existentialists believe that man's own individual experience or "existing" comes before anything such as a general purpose, goodness or “truth,” or any other Absolute that may be felt to exist. Man creates himself through his own thoughts and actions, since the only reality for an individual is that of his own personal existence and nothing else. This responsibility of creating something out of "nothingness" often brings with it a mood of "angst," anguish or dread. The following statements espouse Existentialism ─ a term applied to a group of attitudes current in philosophical, religious and artistic thought during and after World War II ─ which emphasises existence rather than essence, and recognises the inadequacy of human reason to explain the enigma of the universe as a basic philosophical question.
It is unsurprising that Bentham came up with this ideal as he is a hedonist which means that he pushes himself into finding pleasure. Act Utilitarianism can be explained into three parts. The first is the motivation of human beings. Bentham concludes that human beings are motivated by pleasure and thus want to avoid pain which henceforth affects our choice of action. An example of this could be avoiding to do work because free time brings pleasure but doing work causes boredom which then causes pain.
1.Thoreau desires for man to wish for a simple life, only living on what is needed to survive and sustain himself, and not concern himself with material possessions or extra indulgencies, but only those that nourish his body and soul. He is calling for a life of simplicity. 2.Thoreau would despise and disdain such electronic devices and make them out to be distractions and extra necessities in our lives, because of his resentment and lax attitude toward subjects such as communication and industrialism. I believe technological devices have made a benefit in people’s lives who use them in moderation, but those who indulge and excessively spend time on and with them become unaware of the world around them and too consumed with the distractions they impose, not to mention the time they waste and space they take up. Those who use technological devices in moderation can communicate with loved ones far away, or utilize them in ways that
Kierkegaard’s View of Self-Actualization Word Count: 705 In this paper, I will explain Kierkegaard’s beliefs and understanding of self-actualization. Kierkegaard regarded philosophy as a personal reflection on one’s lived experience. He believed that the crowd was detrimental to the individual and his identity. In order for a person to properly be able to reflect and develop his life experience, he had to get away from the crowd and focus on himself. The notion that a person finds out the truth within him is called self-actualization, using Kierkegaard’s terms.
He refutes this idea by saying that capitalists are too heavily focused on the possibility of scarcity. He states that the main objective of foragers is to be healthy and ultimately survive. Therefore, the possibility of insufficiency is virtually eliminated. I find it convincing when Sahlins defends this point. He explains that the way hunters go about reaching this end is through the bow and arrow.
The second one is that the amount use of non-reusable materials, such as plastic, causes the waste of earth resources and serious pollution. The next relationship is that people's inconsideration on food resources, including animals and plants, causes their lack of appreciation for food and the nature. Another relationship is that people's unawareness of pouring and dumping wastes and sewers causes serious marine pollution. The last relationship Suzuki tells is that unawareness of energy's limitation of human beings causes some global environmental problems, such as the Energy Crisis, Global Warming, and etc. 2.
How selfish the humans are, If they requires drinking water then they deploye water filters but such things are not possible for wildlife's, so be aware. now a days animals and envirement both are getting lost rapidly daya by day day.its all coz of human wish to have a luxirious life.if i would hava any right ever then first io all i would like to ban air conditioners.sesondally i would like to stop all on vegetarions and would insist panelty on such people who don't want to gift the nature to their children as it is. I do agree with the above mentioned points that we are not serious of our Wildlife/Environment..... now a days killing animals have been fun for ppl and they dont understand how important wildlife/Enviornment is......... we have to protect the enviornment by utilizing the resources properly given by our mother nature..... We also see that government is taking many steps to protect our