Imperialism 101 Summary And Critique

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Michael Parenti claims that Imperialism has been occurring since long ago—since the time of the Roman, Persian, Macedonian, and Mongol empires. More powerful countries controlled less powerful ones by dominating other cultures physically by force, and later by using capitalist ideals to dominate them economically. Sometimes, both can occur at the same time as in the event of rainforest destruction in Borneo. There, the previous inhabitants of the forest eventually became wage workers, without their previous homes. One of the reasons companies outsource workers, and thus help imperialize foreign countries, is for cheap labor. Western corporations can have multiple sources for a given item, in order to allow continued production once one region realizes it is being treated unfairly and strikes. Oddly, it is argued that these companies could survive without any foreign connection—capitalism without imperialism. But, this would lower profits and prevent “advanced capitalism.” The decision to claim that cultures with what is considered modern technology is defined by military power rather than which culture is actually superior. It is this force that essentially created this gap. Western nations taking valuable resources, including humans, from “third-world countries” allowed for those countries to be set back. Through economic means, the western countries underdeveloped their colonies by changing the industries to provide only raw materials. Yet, it is claimed that those countries created their own conditions and are the only ones to blame for their lack of advanced culture. Overpopulation is another idea used to blame the “third-world countries” while countries in Western Europe have a higher density. After ridding themselves of colonies, western nations used neoimperialism to gain money and materials from less developed ones. By using the power

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