In 2011, an estimated 2.5 million people were newly infected with HIV. 330,000 were under the age of 15. Every day nearly 7,000 people contract HIV—nearly 300 every hour. In 2011, 1.7 million people died from AIDS. 230,000 of them were under the age of 15.
Abstract Background: Malaria is a major contributor to child ill health; more than 10 million of the world’s children die each year before reaching the age of five. In Africa, where the majority of Malaria occurs, the highest mortality affects children less than 5 years of age. Objective: The objective of this study was to find out the prevalence rate and risk factors of malaria infection
Child poverty is projected to raise from 2012/13 with an expected 600,000 more children living in poverty by 2015/16. This is expected to rise to 4.7 million by 2020. Growing up in poverty is one of the biggest barriers children have to face. Poverty has a detrimental effect on physical and mental health, education, life chances, and it damages society. In 2013, a report estimated that child poverty costs the UK at least £29 billion each year.
Determinate sentences involve sentences that have a fixed or flat time (Jirard, 2009). Determinate sentences play a large part in the increasing number of individuals in prison, which, as you can imagine, puts more strain on prisons financially. In the past two decades, we have become increasingly “tough on crime” which has helped to decrease crime to a certain extent. According to an article in the New York Times (2008), the US has fewer than five percent of the entire world’s population, but almost twenty five percent of the world’s prisoners (Liptak & , 2008). The author of the article goes on to say that people in the US are sentenced to do time for crimes that would not produce such a sentence in other countries.
Although communicable diseases account for more deaths, the country is currently in a stage of epidemiological transition, illustrated by a decline of communicable diseases and the growth of NCDs (Ministry of Health). Generally speaking, in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), the burden of disease associated with NCDs is greater than the burden of disease associated with communicable diseases and injuries. In LAC, NCDs account for nearly 70 percent of deaths. Also, in LAC, about 50 percent of all years of life lost are related to NCDs, whereas only 30 percent are due to communicable diseases, and 20 percent are due to injuries (R, Keith). NCDs affect everyone, from the rich to the poor.
MPs, bereaved parents, health professionals and junkies themselves say radical measure are needed to stamp out the city’s problem – the worst in Europe. Drugs deaths have risen sharply in recent years. In 1992, 43 young Glaswegians died; last year, the figure was 97 out of total of around 140 north of the border. In a city of 650,000 people the rate is worryingly high. Compared to the rest of Britain, it is shocking.
Seventy four per cent of the population has sustainable access to an improved water source. Childhood health and disease has reduced significantly with a widespread immunization coverage. Nevertheless, Bangladesh remains one of the highest malnutrition-prevalent countries and a high proportion of low birth weight in newborns continues to be a major concern. Approximately five million working children in Bangladesh are excluded from formal education. Although the ILO and the Government have taken up programmes to eliminate child labour from the formal sector, many children remain involved in hazardous
This disease is causing these developing countries to struggle due to the effects on HIV/AIDS. In Sub-Saharan Africa, 22.5 million people live with HIV/AIDS, which can take a toll on the women, but also on the economy of Sub-Saharan Africa in general. This country is really struggling to find a cure because this is becoming an epidemic. Right now, there are 19 different HIV candidate vaccines and they are all at different levels of testing in Europe (WHO). Testing has already begun for some of the vaccines in America, but has not yet been cleared as a
Why should we care about child poverty in the UK? Britain is considered to be a rich country with a high level of wealth, yet millions of people live in households where they suffer from economic and social deprivation, with millions of children living in poverty. According to information on [www.cpag.org.uk], there are 3.6 million children living in poverty, which is 27% of children, or one in four. Localised poverty statistics are even worse as between 50 and 70% of children are growing up in poverty in some areas of the UK. Evidence suggests that there are 5 main groups of people who are more at risk from poverty than others.
Homelessness In America In today’s society many are experiencing homelessness. I believe homelessness in not only affecting the ones that are homeless but us as a nation in general. Due to the economical state and rising unemployment rates, homelessness is not only affecting some but many. It is affecting our nation economically, our society, and most importantly our children. According to the National Alliance To End Homelessness it states: “That approximately 600,000 families and 1.35 million children are homeless” (http://www.endhomelessness.org).