Impacts Enlightenment Thinkers Had on Europe

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A European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition was known as the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment was heavily influenced by thinkers like John Locke, Voltaire, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, where each of their ideas had an impact on Europe. Jean-Jacques Rousseau remains an important figure in the history of philosophy because his contributions to political philosophy and moral psychology, and his influence on later thinkers. His beliefs of philosophy and philosophers were pretty much negative and explored two routes to achieving and protecting freedom: constructing political institutions that allow for the co-existence of free and equal citizens in a community where they are sovereign, and a project for child development and education that fosters autonomy and avoids the development of the most destructive forms of self interest. Rousseau also believed that the coexistence of human beings in relations of equality and freedom was possible. He was also consistently and overwhelmingly pessimistic that humanity will escape from a dystopia of alienation, oppression and unfreedom stating that "human beings are good by nature but are rendered corrupt by society" (Rousseau). Other moral psychological beliefs Rousseau had include his French sayings such as: "Amour de soi (self love)" which directs us to attend to our most basic biological needs for things like food, shelter and warmth and "pitee". Rousseau believed "pitee" directs us to attend to and relieve the suffering of others (including animals), where we can do so without danger to our own self preservation, and imagined a multi stage evolution of humanity (now known as a modern complex society). When it came to politics Rousseau had a central doctrine which believed that a state can be

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