There were many inventions, such as toilets to improve down-spiralling sanitation & health, the first reliable Steam Engine by James Watt, Bell's telephone, and many more. Transportation was generally improved substantially, and electricity was effectively harnessed.
Arguably, sanitation was the largest improvement. With the London sewers built, water-borne diseases were no longer a large problem, new discoveries, such as germs (Louis Pasteur), and water-borne diseases (John Snow). Working conditions were improved, the attached sheet shows the main improvements to the terrible conditions pre-industrial revolution. However, unemployment increased by a lot. The rich got richer, the poor got poorer. Food, clothing, shelter and medicine became widely available and affordable. The Earth was integrated with a communications and transportation network. During the transition to the industrial age, society underwent upheaval as tradition lifestyles became impractical. Entire communities were displaced or rendered financially obsolete. A class of moneyed power-brokers exploited working people. Polution and industrial accidents become commonplace.
The general impact of the Industrial Revolution was felt globally, all of the inventions mentioned above immediately took off everywhere. There was a great increase in goods, as well as a demand for raw materials. This led to nations seeking colonies abroad to produce and trade goods. The main expansions occurred in Africa. In 1914, the entire continent was controlled by Europe. England's empire became massive, taking over 25% of the entire world.
Cities' population increased massively, 6 million in 1700s, but in 1901, the population was 30.5, almost double from 16.8 million in 1801. Many people moved into cities, looking for work. Only agricultural workers stayed in rural areas.