The most important detail that affected this case is that in December 7th of 1941, Japanese fighter pilots intentionally attacked an American naval base right off of Honolulu, Hawaii. This meant bad news for the United States. According to America’s Best History, On February 19, 1942, The Executive order 9066 is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, confining 110,000 Japanese Americans, including 75,000 citizens, on the West Coast into relocation camps during World War II. The remains of the first of these detention camps resides in California's Manzanar National Historic Site. These camps would last for three years.
The reading, “The Biggest Decision: Why We Had to Drop the Bomb,” by Robert James Maddox, explains the process taken in for the Americas to decide to drop the two newly discovered atomic bombs over the Japanese homeland cities of Hiroshima and three days later Nagasaki. Americans should be well informed on this information. This is a perfect article for this class because it marks a very important milestone in our nation’s history. The Japanese were a strong powerful enemy of the US during the end of WWII. “The Japanese had more than 2,000,000 troops in the home lands, and were training millions of irregulars” pg.
The control of sea lanes between US and Australia was essential hence the coral- sea in may42, which ensured the line of communication and supply remained secure throughout the war which lead to victory over Japanese. In April 1942, the US devised the Doolittle Raid which used aircraft carriers as the launching pad for a raid on Tokyo. It closed enough to japan, well inside the Japanese perimeter defence, so that the bombers could reach Tokyo. 16 bombers were launched to bomb 3 jap targets. It was the first attack on Japanese Home Islands and it successfully raised US propaganda which improved US morale.
This event was a result of a Japanese fishing ship sailing into the range of an American hydrogen bombing test site (Roberto). This hydrogen bomb was nearly one thousand times more powerful than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, resulting in casualties and economic struggles in the Japanese fishing industry, due to fear of radiation poisoning (Roberto). Japan, caught in the crosshairs of the two superpowers was skeptical that a nuclear devastation was right around the corner. The psychological impacts of this skepticism had profound enough effects on Japanese society that it is clearly reflected in cinema in the following years. “Gojira”, directed by Ishiro Honda, was created in the realm of this era, sending a message to the world regarding the buildup of nuclear arms.
Hiroshima was a minor supply and logistics base for the Japanese military and this made it a good target for the U.S. military. The attack on Hiroshima caused extensive damage to the city and killed an estimated 110,000 people. After the bombing, President Harry S. Truman issued a second warning: "If Japan does not surrender, bombs will have to be dropped on her war industries." Japan refused to surrender and so a second Japanese city was targeted. "Fat Man" was detonated three days after Hiroshima over the city of Nagasaki.
The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb Good and Bad One of the major questions regarding the study of World War II is whether or not the United States was justified in dropping the Atomic Bomb on Imperial Japan at the end of the War. Crimes against humanity, as never witnessed before, and hopefully to never be seen again, occurred during the course of World War II. The security of our nation and of other Allied nations was severely threatened, not only by the Germans, but also by the Japanese. The Japanese were a strong people willing to fight until it was no longer possible. It may even be said that they were suicidal, with their kamikaze pilots and no real hope of defeating the Allied nations.
Source one provides evidence of the tremendous damage caused by the bombing of Darwin. “In the first attack, which began just before 10.00 am, heavy bombers pattern-bombed the harbour and town; dive bombers escorted by Zero fighters then attacked shipping in the harbour, the military and civil aerodromes, and the hospital at Berrimah. The attack ceased after about 40 minutes. The second attack, which began an hour later, involved high altitude bombing of the Royal Australian Air Force base at Parap which lasted for 20–25 minutes. The two raids killed at least 243 people and between 300 and 400 were wounded.
"[iii] He makes his argument that the A bombs saved American lives, thus are morale. Paul Fussell acknowledges arguments against the dropping of the bomb, such as John Kenneth Galbraith’s “The A-bombs meant, he says, "a difference, at most, of two or three weeks''”[iv] and discredits them with two reoccurring methods. Firstly he appeals to the readily created sentiment of empathy for American soldiers “Two weeks more means 14,000 more killed and wounded, […]Those weeks mean the world if you're one of those thousands or related to one of them.”[v] Secondly he asserts the need for firsthand experience in analyzing the morality of the use of the bomb, “the farther from the scene of horror, the easier the talk.”[vi], “But what's at stake in an infantry assault is so entirely unthinkable to those without
In fact, the debates behind using the atomic bombs against Japan began even before the decision was made. Many of the scientists such as Leo Szilard and Dr. James Franck, who made great contributions towards the creation of the bomb, campaigned against its use. President Truman said “We have used it in order to shorten the agony of war, in order to save the lives of thousands and thousands of young Amercicans”. It is completely understandable that President Truman’s aim was always to save the lives as many American people, but was it necessary to do it by dropping the atomic bombs on Japan? And was the reason behind the decision to drop the two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki purely to ‘save the lives of thousands and thousands of young Americans’?
“If we do not end the war, war will end us” - said by HG Wells. In the morning of the 6th of August 1945, B-29 bomber Enola Gay was used to release the first atomic bomb ‘Little Boy’ into the city of Hiroshima causing a fatal massacre that made many suffer up to this day. 100 000 innocent civilians lives were taken away by the Americans. 72 years later, since the dropping of the first weapon of its kind, it still remains a devastating time for Japan. Although the bomb ultimately saved more lives than it took, the ongoing feud of whether the bomb was justified or not still continues to this day.