Impact Of Iwo Jima

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Impact of Iwo Jima 1. Loss of Human Life The battle witnessed the loss of 28,000 soldiers, of which 75% were incurred on the Japanese faction. However, no civilian lives were lost, as they had been evacuated from the Japanese island prior to the battle. About a third of all United States Marines killed in action during World War II died at Iwo Jima, making that the battle with the highest number of casualties in Marine Corps history. 2. Strategic Importance of the Island The Japanese used the island as a warning beacon for approaching American bombers on their way to the Japanese mainland. The Japanese understood its grave importance, and defended the island heavily. To the United States, Iwo Jima was a home base to launch air raids to mainland Japan. Compared to the previous islands captured, Iwo Jima was significantly nearer to mainland Japan. This allowed airfields at Iwo Jima to accommodate to emergency landings, and bombing runs would require less flight time and fuel consumption, thus increasing the frequency of air raids. By the end of the war, 2400 B-29 bombers carrying 27,000 crewmen had made emergency landings on Iwo Jima and an additional 402 pilots who had fallen into the ocean were rescued by missions launched from there. 3. Iwo Jima as a Crucial Factor in Deciding the Use of the Atomic Bomb The bravery with which the members of both military forces conducted themselves is beyond question: the Japanese resorted to Kamikaze attacks and Seppuku/Hara-kiri in the final days of the battle, whilst 27 Medals of Honor were awarded to sailors and Marines in the battle; more than any other single battle in United States history and one third of the 84 total awarded to Marines in World War II. The United States military expected the capture of Iwo Jima within a week, but the dogged resistance and sheer courage of the Japanese prolonged the

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