Wages for other groups of people are lowering. George Borjas found that the immigration wave from 1980 to 2000 caused the annual wages of native workers to fall from 3.5-5%, with Hispanics having the highest percentage. (Krikorian 139). Another finding shows that immigrants with high school education or less employed in America increased by 1.6 million. At the same time the number of similar educated Americans who were unemployed reached 1 million, and another 1.5 million dropped out the work force.
In 1904 New York City Subway was founded and in 20th century, the city became a world center for industry, commerce and communication. In 1920s NYC was a major destination from African American during the Great Migration from the American South, this was also the period of Prohibition that coincide with a larger economic boom that made NYC the most populous city in the world in 1948, overtaking London. After World War II NYC had another huge economic boom but in 1960s started to suffer economic problems that led to rising crime rates and racial tensions. Thanks to the industry development the situation improved in the 80s and by the 90s racial tension had calmed, crime rates dropped and waves of immigrants arrived.
The poverty rates in Mexico continue to rise and crime is high. Unlike Puerto Ricans, Mexican Americans have no “free pass” to access the United States. Scores of Mexican, Cubans and Central-South Americans have lost there lives trying to enter into the United States for the chance of a better existence. Puerto Ricans The American Fact Finder provided by the U.S. Census Bureau website reports approximately 3,987,947 people in the United States during 2006 are Puerto Ricans. Puerto Ricans like Mexican Americans, who are born in the United States of immigrant parents report that English is the language most spoken.
How accurate is it to say that the status of black people in the United States changed very little in the years 1945-1955? The position of African Americans before 1945 was very low as they suffered extreme racism in the southern states and discrimination in the north. But the Second World War became a turning point for their lives. In World War II had an enormous impact of the economic aspect in the lives of African Americans. Over 1 million blacks joined the army.
Secondly, legal immigration plays a negative role in effecting American population. In 1970, legal immigrants accounted for 4.7 percent of American populations. There are some countries that account a great amount of immigrants to the U.S, including: Mexico has 9,600,000 immigrants in 2010 which accounts 23.7%; next is China has 1,900,000 immigrants accounting 4.7%; Vietnam has 1,200,000 immigrant and accounts 3.0%. The most important effect of increasing immigrants is to population. The Census Bureau predicts the U.S. population will reach 397 million in 2050, which is a bad sign.
In the 1960’s, mental institutions were viewed as the least popular solution for mental illness. Mainly from a humane stand point and the economic viewpoint were the two main reasons why the Traverse City State Hospital closed. The closings occurred in a sharp wave, starting in the 1960’s and they are still being closed today. Beginning in the early 70’s healthcare costs were rapidly increasing .This was one of the reasons why the 1970’s were the height of deinstitutionalization. In 1993, the community programs served over 170,000 people.
After World War Two the United States of America finally seemed to prosper after the Great Depression. The 1950s became the capitalist golden age. Society was classless; there were growing numbers of white-collar jobs, high wages for blue-collar workers, and few labor strikes. Everything seemed to be great, however the growth of the affluent society put many problems in the dark. African Americans were still unequal to whites; twenty percent of the nation had been in poverty, and the defeat of Nazism and imperialism brought on a new enemy to freedom: Communism.
Often times, companies uproot from American soil and re-established themselves in foreign countries. This causes millions of American based jobs to diminish. The more unemployment rises, the less capital circulates in the United States economy, thus causing more Americans to seek unemployment benefits. According to Gail Makinen, economic policy specialist, the United States experienced 130,000 Americans being either jobless due to the 9/11 attack or the recession that followed. (2002) Although the United States economy experiences a great deal of negative effects based on international trade, there are some benefits to foreign trade.
For all of the above reasons, California's present and predicted future size is a wakeup call for the State and the nation." To understand California's immigration problem, during the same decade, all of the northeastern States from Maine to Virginia, combined, gained less than four million people, i.e., native-born along with both legal and illegal immigrants. However, it's worth noting that, during the same decade, the population of illegal immigrants in New Jersey doubled. I was recently in Los Angeles and even a brief visit demonstrated the problems this massive influx of immigrants is creating. Highway congestion in that metropolitan area is a nightmare.
Raul Hinojosa pointed out that the reason behind the welfare increase among the majority of newly-legalized immigrants would be due to their low education and income level and not an unwillingness to work (2). The 2006 law initiative S. 2621 would have legalized approximately seven million unauthorized immigrants. The study done by the Immigration Policy Center confirms that immigrants who were legalized in 1986 under the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) had an average increase of 15 percent in their hourly wage after five years (sec. 4). This means that the legalized immigrants pay more in federal and state income taxes; in addition, because they have greater income, they also use more services and buy more goods from a wider range of businesses, which will ultimately result in the