Within months another British liner, the Arabic, was sunk by a U-boat torpedo. Wilson again demanded the Germans to scale down the submarine attacks, and again the German government gave only a half-hearted acknowledgment. Then, in early 1916, Germany announced that it would begin attacking all merchant ships without warning in the waters around Europe, including neutral merchants. Wilson notified Berlin that this policy was illegal according to the international rules of war and were therefore unacceptable. Germany responded only with the destruction of the steamer Sussex in March.
Germany established a submarine war zone around the British Isles and said they would sink any enemy war ships that entered that proximity. Innocent American trading and merchant ships were being shot down and sunk by ruthless German warfare at sea. Germany refused to let the neutral America trade goods with their enemy countries. This dramatically impacted America because much of the American economy was controlled by trade with Britain and France, and moving forward America knew it would be impossible to keep an expanding economy without GB and France. America, despite its efforts, could not remain neutral and was forced to enter World War 1.
The evidence shows that President Roosevelt wanted to make the US apart of the war and took any means necessary. He promised to keep American soldiers out of any foreign wars but also made promises to Britain that America would help them in the war. The secrecy of the attack caused America to lose over 2,000 servicemen, 188 planes to be destroyed, and eighteen naval vessels to be sunk or heavily damaged. The attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 was known by Washington and FDR, but was kept from the Hawaiian
The Germans, immediately after sinking the ship, accused Britain of the Lusitania carrying munitions, not just passengers. The government tried to justify the sinking of the Lusitania by saying that the Lusitania contained weapons (“Sinking of RMS Lusitania” para. 2). The Germans must have known that the Lusitania held weapons, years before future historians and scientists would prove their existence true. If not, Germany would have looked at all the positives and negatives of sinking the Lusitania, and would have realized the cons outweighed the pros in this situation.
Wilson believed the treaty of Versailles should punish Germany but not so harshly that it would someday recover and seek revenge. However Wilson’s main aims were portrayed> through his fourteen points. But perhaps his main goal for post war Europe was to strengthen democracy in Germany so the citizens would not let its leaders cause another war. France suffered enormous damage in WW1. When the war ended the general population of France wanted revenge on Germany.
However some historians would say that Britain was too complacent when it came to foreign policy, and as soon as they believed they had reached satisfactory targets, they wouldn’t go any further, and so risk harming British interests. Yet other historians would also suggest that at the time, Britain had no choice but to be sometimes complacent due to economic factors, and at the time, their policy making decisions were not ultimately harmful to interests, but best suited to the current international climate. British Foreign policy in the 1920’s was dominated by the France and German tensions. Britain and France disagreed on most issues. French leaders were particularly concerned about Germany’s efforts to undo the treaty of Versailles.
The pledge was kept until January 1917, when the original policy of unrestricted submarine warfare resurfaced. Germany felt that by cutting off supplies it could end the war on its terms before the United States could react. Shortly afterward, the United States cut off diplomatic relations with Germany, a step preparatory to war. In
The Germans started having second thoughts about the war and urged their ally to negotiate with Russia. Russia realized that an agreement would hurt their position in the Balkans. This basically created a stand still and the countries involved could no longer back out, The Germans started their plan to gain European dominance on July 31st. The Germans sent ultimatums to St. Petersburg and Paris telling them that the Russians need to stop mobilizing their troops and demanded a pledge of neutrality from France. They did not receive a satisfactory reply and they declared war on Russia and France.
The First World War broke out and the United States immediately declared its neutrality. With the effects of war, situations changed and it became harder for the US to stay neutral. The United States involvement with World War I to its extent proves morally, economically, and politically just after its efforts to stay neutral. Woodrow Wilson, the US president had the ideas of “moral diplomacy’ when it came to international affairs. He did not see how it was morally right to get involved with Europe’s war when the war first broke out.
When women started working male jobs such as a factory worker the men looked down upon the women as not being fit for the job. At this time all women in America faced the issues of society thinking women were too fragile or not strong enough. Men were suspicious of women and factories saw the needs for women secondary to that of the men. Not only that but also women were left out of the important decision making process of companies becaue womens intellectual ability was seen as inferior to the mens. Women started working traditional male jobs yes because it helped with the war effort but women had something to prove.