At the international military tribunal in October 1946 was a combined effort by Great Britain, the United States, the USSR, and France on behalf of the United Nations brought 22 war criminals to trial. Later in the article the punishment/judgment of these war criminals will be discussed, along with Taylor’s punishment/judgment. Extradition of War Criminals Adolf Eichmann After World War II, the International Military tribunal started with the Nuremburg trial to evidence on war criminals. Some of the war criminals escaped to avoided prosecution, one was Adolf Eichmann. Eichmann was known as a head executioner that killed Jews at death camps.
Another famous case of obeying unlawful orders would be the case of “First Lieutenant William Calley for his part in the My Lai Massacre on March 16, 1968. The military court rejected Calley's argument of obeying the order of his superiors. On March 29, 1971, Calley was sentenced to life in prison. However, the public outcry in the United States following this very publicized and controversial trial was such that President Nixon granted him clemency. Calley wound up spending three and a half years under house arrest at Fort Benning Georgia, where a federal judge ultimately ordered his release.” (Powers, 2013).
Holocaust is a Greek word, meaning “sacrifice by fire”. The Holocaust came as a result of Hitler’s Nazi party and their racial intolerance, and quest for a pure blood line in Germany. It was part of Hitler’s final solution and involved the collection of Jews and other racial inferiors by German soldiers. The racial inferiors were sent to concentration camps after their collection; where they were forced to labour and in most cases eventually murdered (Berenbaum, 1998). In some cases, these camps were known as “extermination” or “death” camps and the Jews were killed in purpose built gas chambers and their bodies burnt in large ovens.
SEED OF SARAH In 1933, Adolf Hitler an Austrian by birth rose to power and assumed the role as chancellor of Germany. During his reign over Germany he and his nationalist party committed and unsurpassed about of cruel senseless acts against those they assumed to be not of the Aryan race. Between the years of 1933-1945 Hitler and his followers murdered over 6 million European Jews. These Jewish men and women came from many different countries in Europe such as Poland, Austria, Germany, Hungary and Czechoslovakia to name a few. On March 19, 1944 Hitler successfully invaded Hungary and by July of that same year after 5 months of being in a Ghetto the Hungarian Jews of Kaposvar were loaded into cramped cars headed for the famous annihilation camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Concentration Camps were made when Hitler came to power. Only after three weeks after he became chancellor he created the SS, his elite force, they were in charge of find. He captured Jews, Homosexuals, Gypsies, Communists, Soviet Prisoners, The Disabled, social Democrats, and Other Political Opponents. He felt that these types of people defied the standards for his perfect Aryan race. This topic is related to Anne Frank because, On August 4th, 1944, after hiding in the secret Annex for 25 Months of seclusion, she was captured and taken across Germany to many different Concentration Camps until final she spent the last weeks of her life at Bergen-Belsen, a holding camp for Jews.
From The New York Times Amanda Knox, an American college student, was convicted in 2009 of the murder of her British housemate in Perugia, Italy. On Oct. 3, 2011, an Italian appellate court overturned the homicide convictions of Ms. Knox[->0] and a co-defendant and ordered them freed, ending a sensationally lurid trial that had made Ms. Knox notorious on both sides of the Atlantic. An appellate court jury of eight Italians, which included two judges, delivered their verdict after more than 11 hours of deliberations. Ms. Knox had been sentenced to 26 years in prison for the murder of 21-year-old Meredith Kercher, of Surrey, England; her co-defendant and former boyfriend, Raffaele Sollecito, had received a 25 year sentence. Ms. Knox had
In the early 1980s, Harrelson was convicted of murdering federal judge John Wood with a high-powered rifle, and is currently serving his sentence in a Texas prison. During the stand-off that preceded his arrest, Harrelson not only confessed to killing Judge Wood, but also said he had been involved in the Kennedy assassination. Harrelson later retracted his statement about having taken part in the assassination, claiming he had fabricated it under the influence of cocaine. When arrested, Harrelson was found to be carrying the business card of R. D. Matthews, who, according to the HSCA, was acquainted with Jack Ruby and with other Dallas crime figures. At Harrelson's trial, Joe Chagra, the brother of the man who was believed to have hired Harrelson, testified that Harrelson was given the contract to kill Judge Wood after he claimed to have participated in the JFK assassination.
Adolf Eichmann was a SS officer who planned with detail the sending of Jews and other groups to death camps such as Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka and Sobibor. Such work was to earn Eichmann the title Chief Executioner of the Third Reich. Adolf Eichmann was born on March 19th, 1906 in Solingen. After dropping out of college in 1925, Eichmann worked as a travelling salesman for the Vacuum Oil Company. He joined the Wandervogel group - a group that was anti-Semitism.
Extermination Camps Death Camps or also known as Extermination Camps were run and ruled by the Nazi’s in World War II. Theses camps were built and designed by hitler him self, in Germany during 1939 to 1945 to kill millions of innocent people (wikipedia,13 March 2015). The Holocaust was the systematic annihilation of six million Jews during the Nazi genocide - in 1933 nine million Jews lived in the 21 countries of Europe that would be occupied by Nazi Germany during World War 2. By 1945 two out of every three European Jews had been killed. Nazi party were trying to kill off all the jews and people that was not up to hitlers standards of a perfect human and this is also known as genocide.Genocide is the systematic killing of all racial,
A. Smith J. Montgomery Criminal Procedure 5 December 2012 Capital Punishment The death penalty was practiced in Arkansas even before the state was admitted to the Union in 1836. According to the Arkansas News, “during the American Revolution several members of the garrison at Arkansas Post were convicted of having plotted on behalf of the English to massacre all the soldiers at the Post. They were executed by a firing squad in New Orleans.” These executions mark the first recorded death sentences for crimes committed in Arkansas. As of 2010, the Arkansas criminal code provides for the death penalty or life without parole upon conviction of capital murder or treason. Those convicted of rape were also subject to the death penalty until January 1, 1976, prior to the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Coker v. Georgia that a death sentence for rape of an adult woman was disproportionate to the crime and violated the Eighth Amendment.