Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education
HISTORY Paper 2 SPECIMEN PAPER
For Examination from 2015 2 hours
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST If you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet. Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on the work you hand in. Write in dark blue or black pen. You may use an HB pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working. Do not use staples, paper clips, glue or correction fluid. This paper has two options. Choose one option, and answer all the questions on that topic. Option A: 19th Century topic (pages 2–5) Option B: 20th Century topic (pages 6–9) At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together. The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
The syllabus is approved for use in England, Wales and Northern Ireland as a Cambridge International Level 1/Level 2 Certificate.
This document consists of 9 printed pages and 1 blank page.
© UCLES 2012
2 Option A: 19th Century topic WAS THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR CAUSED BY SLAVERY? Study the Background Information and the sources carefully, and then answer all the questions. Background Information On 12 April 1861, Confederate forces opened fire on Federal troops in Fort Sumter. The Civil War had begun. Relations between North and South had been getting worse for some years. It has often been claimed that it was slavery that destroyed relations between North and South. Did slavery really cause the American Civil War? SOURCE A Defenders of slavery argued that it was economically necessary because white men could not work in the heat. Freedom would be a hardship to the slaves because free blacks would have to take on all the cares and responsibilities of looking after themselves. They quoted from the Bible to show slavery...