Identify the Weaknesses of the Hobbesian and Lockean Justifications for Obedience

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Identify the weaknesses of the Hobbesian and Lockean justifications for obedience, and explain them. Political obligation is the obligation to obey the law because it is the law. Philosophers have argued that free and equal people do not have an obligation to obey an authority unless they have consented to do so. Thus political obligation must be based on consent. The most obvious weakness of both the Hobbesian and Lockean justifications for obedience is that we have never explicitly consented to be ruled by a state and obey its laws. This puts the legitimacy of the state at risk. You may argue that voting implies a tacit consent to be governed, as voting is voluntary it would seem that those who vote would be accepting the authority. You could also argue that there is no need for proof of consent and that it is enough to have hypothetical consent as it may be enough that consent would be rational. This is the most likely as Hobbes justifies the state by explaining that as humans are by nature are selfish, unsocial creatures driven by two needs: survival and personal pleasure. Life is characterized by constant struggle - strife and war - in which individual is pitted against individual in a battle for self-preservation. Hobbes believed that life was nasty brutish and short in the state of nature and this necessitates a state formed by hypothetical consent to a social contract. By consenting this state you surrender your natural rights to an absolute sovereign and in return you are granted rights in the form of positive law. Locke also gives a justification for the state, for one a state would give a firm, clearly understood interpretation of natural law, unbiased judges to resolve disputes, and it would resolve the problem that personal recourse to solving problems is unjust. Whilst it is usually thought that Locke’s justification for the state is less

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