Identify the Changes in Educational Philosophy That Have

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In 1941 Rob Butler was appointed president of the board of Education and in 1944 with the post war coalition government introduced the 1944 Education Act. He said “it is just as important to achieve diversity as it is to ensure equality of educational policy” The act was to be the beginning of social reconstruction in the UK with a view to make education accessible to all regardless of class or wealth. Local Education Authorities were introduced and were to be responsible for the schools in their area; they would provide primary, secondary and further education. (Giles 1946:21, quoted in Jones 2003:15). He and other reformers were delighted to see that the Education system would be free to all, he said ‘the nature of a child's education should be based on his capacity and promise and not by the circumstances of his parent'. The Butler Act was revolutionary in post war England and changed the direction of education for the future. Its philosophy was the government had a “Duty to contribute towards spiritual, moral, mental and physical development. In the coming years a comprehensive school system followed and included schooling for children ages 5 to 15. And for the first time the health and wellbeing of the child was considered. The Act introduced provision of school meals free milk, medical and dental treatment and support services such as transport and clothing grants. The Tripartite system followed the Butler act and included Grammar schools, secondary modern and technical schools. Children would take an “11 plus” exam to determine which school they would attend. This was to ensure all children received a level of education based on their ability. All three schools were to have a ‘parity of esteem’ thus having equal status with similar funding for buildings, equipment and staff of similar quality. However in 1959 Crowther made a report which argues

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