Futures of the environment that may help or hinder communication: Lighting – Poor lighting can hinder communication especially if the person has a hearing or visual disability, as they may rely on looking at facial expressions. Distractions – Some people can find difficult to concentrate with background noise. People with hearing problem may find difficult to hear clearly if the television or radio is on. Positioning – it is important for effective communication that people can see each other’s body language and facial expressions as these support verbal speech. Barriers – Barriers such a desk or table can block the view of each other’s body language, and create a sense of unease or hierarchy.
But all too often good communication is hampered by barriers. This can lead to misunderstanding, resentments, frustration and demoralisation not only for patients/clients, but also for health care staff. We also need to be aware of the things that can cause bad communication-in other words, communication barriers. Being aware of these and working with your colleagues to come up with solutions will help you to overcome them. Generally communication barriers can be categorised as follows: * Physical barriers include difficulties in hearing and seeing.
Poor lighting can prevent a person from noticing non-verbal communication and could reduce a hearing impaired person’s ability to lip read. Environments that are too hot or cold cause discomfort and those that lack privacy discourage people from expressing their feelings and problems. Developmental stage – a person’s developmental stage could limit their ability to communicate and may be a barrier to effective communication if you don’t take this into account when choosing your words or way of talking to them. Don’t use long sentences, complex words or unusual phrases with young children, for example. Sensory deprivation and disability – visual impairment may reduce a person’s ability to see faces or read written signs and leaflets.
Visual impairments can also be difficult in these situations and may affect a person’s ability to read body language, facial expressions and see gestures. Persons who have dual sensory loss will find it extremely difficult and be frustrated during day to day tasks. It can lead to loss of interests in activities and in some case may cause a person to have little or no contact with the world around them. It can have serious effects if a person misinterprets what they are being spoken to about by their family, friends and possibly medical professionals. Persons with hearing impairments would need to focus on reading lips and body language to uphold conversations just as people with visual impairments would rely on their hearing to be able to function effectively within society.
These methods of communication can be useful for building vocabularies of individuals with limited speech. Other individuals may have a vast vocabulary, but due to rigid sets of interests may only use repetitive speech which means their communication can be out of context, making conversations difficult. 2. - Problems that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have in social interaction and relationships Due to the social difficulties linked with autism, individuals often find social interaction and the building of relationships very difficult. Individuals with autism often have difficulties reading non-verbal forms of communication, such as body language, and find it hard to relate to other people’s feelings and emotions, which can effect their responses to a social situation as they will appear out of context or inappropriate.
They can quickly fall behind from peers of the same age. They may find it difficult to interact and make friends with others who are more advanced. They may struggle with intellectual development memory and concentration. Delayed speech development A child who has limited or no speech could be a cause great concern. This would affect a child’s social and communication development as he/she would find it difficult to listen and speak to peers staff and carers this could also affect their behaviour possibly becoming frustrated and quite angry Whatever concern you have about a Childs development in any area, you should always share it with others.
Children with learning difficulties will need extra support with certain areas of development and may develop a low self-esteem because they get annoyed with themselves for not being able to do something, such as a simple numeracy problem, or read a book. If a child has sensory impairment, a hearing problem this would influence their development, it could affect their speech and communication and may make them feel they are unable to join in with
Personal problems and worries can lead to lack of concentration, memory loss (dementia). Poor Understanding and language differences: Different nationalities and cultural differences, understanding accents and sayings can be amusing or an ambiguity of words and meanings but again a barrier for everyone. Misinterpretation of body language could have an impact. Values and Beliefs: Everyone’s values and beliefs can create underlying barriers often without people realizing which results in different responses to how something is dealt
Individual's on the autistic spectrum may struggle with relationship's and social interaction due to difficulties with communication. It would make it difficult for relationship's to work if there is a lack of understanding each other due to the break down in communication. There may be some problems concerning an individual's preference in activities and interests. This is mainly due to a condition that some individual's on the autistic spectrum can find difficulty in which is social creativity, one of the triad of impairments that define ASC. This can cause some restrictions and inflexibility due to the individual in some cases not being able to fully comprehend the transcendence of traditional idea's, rules, pattern's, etc.
Divorce – This could make the child or young person feel frustrated, confused because the child or young person may not be seeing one parent as much as before, this could also make the child act unusual such as becoming withdrawn and being argumentative with parents. New siblings – This could make the child or young person feel jealous because he/she may not be getting as