Overall it could therefore be argued that rather than partners becoming more equal, women now have to carry a ‘dual burden’, whereby she is responsible for two jobs of unpaid or paid labour. Factors such as patriarchy and conforming to a gender script will lead to these divisions. Secondly, it could be argued that the money management within a family has an effect on the power relations between couples. Edgell argues that the reason why men are likely to take the decisions is because they earn more; women usually earn less than their husbands, and as a result of being dependant on them, have less say in the decision making. Similarly, Michelle Barrett and Mary McIntosh additionally argue that men usually make the decisions about spending on important items.
As Leving and Sacks say “she’s far more critical of him than he is of her”, that means that men are much less critical than females who want to show their strength. But in many cases their thoughts are deceptive, as everybody needs a family to have happy life. Respond: I totally agree with the authors of the text and, in my opinion, the women’s desire to become independent and live by themselves is partly caused by our democratic world, where the equalty between genders is respected. Women build their own careers and become independent, so they do not need help from men at least financially. That’s why we have the tendency of growth of the amount of single women.
Outline and assess functionalist and new right views on the family This essay aims to explore the views of the functionalist and new rights approach on the family. Functionalists argue that the family is the most important institution in society as it benefits both the individual and society. They have the most positive view on the family, and state that it performs vital functions for the maintenance of society. Their main emphasis is on the nuclear family which is the stereotypical family of married, heterosexual parents with children - they tend to ignore any other family types. The approach presents the family as a family isolated from wider kinships because of the mobility required by labour markets in industrial societies.
If the husband begins to stop doing some of his duties the wife will either need to pick up the load in order for the relationship to continue functioning or will begin to stop fulfilling some of her duties and the relationship will fall apart. “Functionalists say that we need to look at both structure (how the parts of society fit together to make the whole) and function (what each part does, how it contributes to society)” (Henslin, 2012). If we look at marriage in the respect of functional analysis each person has to fit together to make a whole and they have to work together to function. Functional analysis is a good way to look at marriage and divorce rates because when two people get married they fit together well and work together to function properly and when one fails to work the marriage ends in
As well as the women as the housewife and present for the children caring for them with emotional help. Postmodernists will disagree seeing the nuclear family as more dominant as Giddens states due to a transformation in society, people now have a ‘greater choice’ it enables them to live their life as they chose creating various types of families along the way that best suits their lifestyle and choices. A greater choice like contraception has allowed people to stay intimate without the pressure of marriage or children. However Chester and Weeks will say family diversity is not that important because they aspire to live in committed households and raise their children jointly. Functionalists according to Parsons, the nuclear family is suited to meeting the needs of modern society for a geographically and socially mobile workforce.
This results in the man having more power over the woman as he is the individual working and bringing an income, enabling him to make the decisions whereas the woman would have no power for this to happen. In relation to having an income, feminists see the workplace as another place in which inequalities occur. ‘The Glass Ceiling’ is a phrase commonly used by feminists. It is related to women and their careers and how they are able to see promotion but are not going to be considered as they are women. This is highlighted in the report ‘Sex and authority in the workplace: the causes of sexual inequality’, Wendy C. Wolf
To what extent is there equal division of domestic labouring the family? 24 marks The DDOL refers to the roles that men and women play in relation to housework, childcare and paid work. Parsons Argues that in a traditional nuclear family the roles of husband and wife are segregated, in his view the husband plays an instrumental role geared towards achieving success at work so he can provide for the family financially. The woman has an expressive role geared towards primary socialisation of children and meeting the family’s emotional needs. Parsons argued this division of labour is based on biological differences between men and women as women are naturally suited towards nurturing role and men to a powerful role.
The new right (1979) would also support the fact that functions have been lost as they believe that institutions, like the welfare state, have far too much interference in the family’s daily life. They view the traditional nuclear family as the most ideal unit to have and that the welfare state has allowed functions, such as its economic function, to be lost or weakened as state benefits are provided instead. The main functions of the family that could be affected are Education, Sexual, Reproductive and Economic; this was said by Murdock (1949). Sociologist G.P. Murdock came up with the theory that the family has four main functions in society.
Middle Because women are pressured into undergoing sterilisation, they are not given the chance to make their own decisions, increasing the inequality between men and women. Those who have to pay fines are probably providing services for those who comply with the governmentâs policy, which means that they become the privileged in society, leaving other to struggle to provide for their own families. Because of the nature of democracy, government policy has adapted to consider the growth and physical stability of the family. During the 20th century, the health and life expectancy of people living in the United States improved dramatically. Since 1900, the average lifespan of people in the United States has lengthened by greater than 30 years; 25 years of this gain are attributable to advances in
In an arrange marriage the bride has to go through a bigger deal of adjustment than the groom, which makes the marriage unfair. The American system of marriage is better than the arrange marriage system because it has more equality and freedom. According Anne Roiphe’s essay “A Tale of Two Divorces” the Women’s Movement was a factor for dramatic change in the American system of marriage. In 1960, the world of American women was limited in almost every respect, from family life to the workplace. A woman was expected to follow one path, to marry in her early 20s, start a family quickly, and devote her life to homemaking.