4) Discuss how the principles of Social Penetration Theory (SPT) and Uncertainty Reduction Theory (URT) overlap. How can initial interactions (as discussed in URT) be compared to developing relationships (as discussed in SPT)? Further, delineate how self-disclosure functions in both theories. 5) Discuss the interpretation and the role of silence in Communication Privacy Management Theory and in Relational Dialectics Theory. 6) Decision-making is an essential component in both Structuration Theory and Groupthink.
Some of these relate to our individual differences whilst others relate to the situational factors we encounter. Individual differences are important personal factors such as gender, personality or culture that differentiate people. Individual differences between people may affect how they respond to situations where social influence is applied. Dispositional factors are individual differences including gender, age, ethnicity, self-esteem, personality, confidence and Locus of Control. The concept of Locus of control which was made by Rotter in 1966 refers to individual differences in people’s beliefs and expectations about what controls events in their lives.
Summarise two different approaches to identity. How has each been used to further our understanding of this concept? ‘...knowing who we are requires knowing who we are not...identity represents the balance between self and other. Identity therefore has both individual and social elements.’ (as cited in Phoenix, 2007, p52)√ It has been said that identity can be understood as one’s own notion of oneself shaped from many sources. In this essay two different attitudes will be examined to further our understanding of identity.
A cause for contention can arise, when the assumptions that dictate acceptance into a community come into conflict with a character’s integrity and values. In ‘The Crucible’, Miller depicts a society amongst which “A
How conflicting perspectives texts are distinguished When you’re analysing Conflicting Perspectives in relation to Hughes and your related text, you must be able to identify how the chosen medium and form influences the use of perspective. Medium and Form * Hughes writes confessional (form) poetry (medium) so it is essential that an analysis is made of the purpose of such a choice * The confessional mode is a reflective form indicating that Hughes is looking back on events and personalities within his own life For Conflicting Perspectives, this implies that Hughes’ use of it is based around a desire to endorse a particular view of ... For Conflicting Perspectives this implies that Hughes’ use of the confessional mode is based around a desire to endorse a particular view of an event, his relationship with Plath. Moreover, Hughes’ capacity to speak objectively is possibly undermined by bias as he is motivated by a need to assert his position. Reflective Forms Most reflective forms – * Confessional poetry * Diary entries * Autobiographies Are valuable as they give the responder intimate insight into the composer, whilst also giving the composer a chance for catharsis. Impersonal reflective forms * Reports * Columns * Interviews * Biographies The composers voice doesn’t pervade the entirety of the text, conflicting perspectives are often explored in his pursuit of an objective interpretation of an event.
This search can involve the traveler understanding both positive and negative facets about themselves, including articles, perspectives and traits. The identity, which they are searching for, is what makes the traveler unique and identifies them from others. The identity can help distinguish and appreciate a person or their own belief, culture and origin, as well as giving insights into who they are and the core values that are key constituents for their lives. In texts of a variety of genre, there is an indication of a physical journey, whether it be physically moving in a fantasy world or travelling in the “real” world. The character may sometimes not indicate any revelations in a change of identity, but the reader would be exposed to this new identity through changes in tone and attitude.
Assess the different sociological explanations for the formation of identity (24 marks) Identity can be defined as the way in which we see ourselves and the way that others see us. However there are different types of identity that shape us as people. Individual identity is how we see ourselves and how we define ourselves for example how we look, hair colour, eye colour and skin colour. Social identity is the identity we have little choice over such as gender and nationality. Collective identity is the identity shared by a social group this combines social and individual factors of identity for example combining the way we chose to look and the image that we have no choice over.
The first assumption of this theme is that people make choices. Behaviour is modified due to the choices that we make in our mind of what is real and what is not. These choices come from the meanings that we carry with us about how we see others viewing us. The second point regarding the first theme in the Symbolic Interaction Theory states that meaning can only exist when people share common interpretations of the symbols they
Internalization is the process through which a person takes in part of the culture or societal norms and makes it a part of his or her identity. It may involve taking in positive or negative aspects of one’s culture and could sometimes involve identifying with the oppressing power. Ho (1995) stated that it is only through understanding of client’s internalized culture that a social worker can begin to understand diversity issues for a client. According to him, the concept of internalized culture, refers to what client believes and identifies with that may be taken from a number of cultural systems such as ethnicity, age, sexual orientation, class. However, it is also crucial not to make assumptions that individuals are representations of their cultures.
Moreover, it explicates the terms like social, cultural and political inequalities in the light of text and framework. Keywords: CDA, Socio-political Perspective, 3D Model, Racial Discrimination, Hegemony, Dominance, Social inequalities 1. Introduction The term discourse has several definitions. In the study of language, discourse often refers to the speech patterns and usage of language, dialects, and acceptable statements, within a community. It is a subject of study of peoples who live in secluded areas and share similar speech conventions.