I) Explain the Key Characteristics of Bentham’s Hedonic Utilitarianism

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i) Explain the key characteristics of Bentham’s Hedonic Utilitarianism (21) Epicurus was an ancient Greek philosopher, while also being the founder of the school of philosophy named Epicureanism. Epicurus lived between 341 BC – 270 BC and was regarded as the foremost figure in the history of science as well as philosophy. Epicurus was a hedonist, meaning he was always seeking the upmost pleasures in life. He warned against overindulgence and pronounced “What is good is pleasurable and what is bad is painful” which entails that we should not attempt to escalate our pleasure beyond the point of maximum intensity. An example of this could be food: if you are hungry that is therefore a pain and so you eat to fulfil your hunger a result of this is pleasure and consequently you have been behaving in accordance with Epicureanism. As oppose to this if you satiate yourself you then are a subject to pain again. Jeremy Bentham was a politician during the industrial revolution; he disliked the British Law and lived his life following his own laws of being a psychological hedonist. Bentham chose the life of a psychological hedonist as a result of observing a vast change in the English Industrial Revolution, this allowed Bentham to follow Hedonism in a way that would pleasure and benefit the democratic society. Jeremy Bentham was highly influenced by Epicurus’ work on the Letter on Happiness. Bentham also lived his life as a social reformer and devoted his years to cultivating the society he lived in. Bentham’s improvements pursued others to interchange from Church centred religious moralities that have been imposed on them by a small group of leaders, to a rational and secular methodology that pleasured and pleased the majority group. Utilitarianism is the theory or maximal pleasure or happiness that Bentham developed. He developed Utilitarianism by creating the principles of
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