Hypothesis Essay

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Hypothesis Identification Article Analysis Carly Ann RES/342 August 2, 2011 Debra Bacon Hypothesis Identification Article Analysis Heather Holden and Roy Rada, two students at University of Maryland Baltimore County, performed research attempting to analyze the perceptions that teacher’s self-efficacy have about technology and its usability. The title of the article is, “Understanding the Influence of Perceived Usability and Technology Self-Efficacy on Teachers’ Technology acceptance.” The perception of a users’ self-efficacy is critical to the attempted intermingling of technologies. “Perceived self-efficacy is defined as people's beliefs about their capabilities to produce designated levels of performance that exercise influence over events that affect their lives. Self-efficacy beliefs determine how people feel, think, motivate themselves and behave. Such beliefs produce these diverse effects through four major processes. They include cognitive, motivational, affective and selection processes” (Emory, 2011). The research indicates there is a realistic assumption that an individual’s confidence in usability is a prerequisite of acceptance to technological advances. The Technological Acceptance Model (TAM) is used to represent the acceptance of a given technology. The TAM can also measure teacher’s use of technology and their perceptions of usability. The TAM identifies external variables, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, attitude toward using, behavioral intent, and actual use. Many technologies were developed without sufficient understanding of the targeted population. “Research has shown that user’s psychological variables (cognitive style, personality, self-efficacy, demographics, user-situational variables, etc.) can have different levels of influence on user technology acceptance” (Holden & Rada, July). Holden and

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