Suwat Charoenrut 5280753 Analyzing artifact: the Baghdad battery During many excavations and archeological digs, numerous uncovered artifacts have created a new way of looking at the technological strides associated with ancient civilizations. In this article, you will learn of metal objects that have appeared in the oddest places, as well as what seems to be the first battery, dating more than 2,000 years old. 65 million years ago, humans were not roaming the world, so why is it that a semi-ovoid metallic tube was found within chalk that was dated at being 65 million years old. Discovered in France, this find hailed from the Cretaceous period. The Cretaceous period was the third and last block of geologic time during the Mesozoic
RESEARCH CULTURAL ICONS AND SOCIAL HISTORY The Great Sphinx was built in approximately 2500 BC by the pharaoh Khafra, the builder of the Second Pyramid at Giza.The Great Sphinx is a large human-headed lion that was carved from a mound of natural rock. It is located in Giza where it guards the front of Khafra's pyramid. The greatest monumental sculpture in the ancient world, the Sphinx is carved out of a single ridge of stone 240 feet (73 meters) long and 66 feet (20 meters) high. The sphinx is built of soft sandstone and would have disappeared long ago had it not been buried for so long. It was the first time that a pharaoh had been represented in this way with the body of a lion, even though this animal had symbolised royalty ancient
The site remanded untouched till 1913, when during one single weekend the site was disturbed with shovels and they took away an unknown quantity of artifacts. 1924 another storm hit the site and swept away parts of one house and it was then determined that it should be more secure and investigated. William Witt discovered some terrific artifacts, he found a number of Carved Stone Balls and are now on display in museums.
Provision that we be familiar with when key developments took place that we be capable of begin to piece together the history of this particular group of people who left behind prodigious artifacts, but no written record. And At that point in approximately AD 850, a prodigious change took place. The native people began developing in a fundamentally different manner, constructing massive stone structures distinct to that had not been assembled beforehand. These large structures ascended to four or five stories and comprised up to seven hundred rooms and dozens of kivas. Joined to one another by lines of sight that would have permitted rapid communication these establishments were feats of great engineering.
and is constructed from limestone (Stokstad and Cothren 2011, 56). The Nanna Ziggurat was constructed in the ancient near east and dates back to 2100-2050 b.c.e. it is located in present-day Iraq (Stokstad and Cothren 2011, 36). Both structures were built in the belief of celestial gods however they served different purposes, while the Nanna Ziggurat was meant to be a temple, a place for worship, Khafre’s pyramid served as a funerary complex (Stokstad and Cothren 2011, 56). The people of Sumeria and the Old Kingdom had developed their labor practices, writing, architecture, schools, law and banking all elements that would provide for a stable and prosperous life.
The dating of the human remains is vital in not only establishing the age of the first Australians, but gaining a sense of their culture and society. ‘The skeletons are by far the earliest evidence found anywhere in the world of human remains being interred with burial rites’ (Grose, 2003). From a cultural perspective this implies a complex society that respected its dead and had some sense of spirituality and notion of an afterlife (Grose, 2003). The evidence gained at Lake Mungo has put a time frame on the climate change that occurred around 50,000 years ago allowing the commencement of occupation. The human occupation peaked during drying of the climate over the next 10,000 years.
This hill later became the Hittite Acropolis. The ancient site of Hattusha has, since the early bronze age always been known to exist but it was not until 1834 when the site was officially rediscovered by French researcher Charles Texier, who came to Boğazkale (or as it was known then, Boğazköy) in 1834, publishing the results of the first explorations there in 1839. It was on cuneiform clay tablets and yielded history of the Hittite Empire. Discovery of the site in 1874 by Charles Texier first excavations 1893-94; In 1905, German archeologists excavated
The lowest chamber is cut into the bedrock which the pyramid was built on but not finished. The Queens chamber and the Kings chambers are higher. There is so much stone mass in the pyramid that the main temputure is the average tempurture of the earth. While building their was two limestones used soft limestone and Hard limestone. Khufu was the son of Queen Hetepheres and King Snefru.
A brief on Egyptian blue Egyptian blue (cuprorivaite, CaCuSi4O10) was the first synthetic pigment ever produced by man; it is considered a great technology development in ancient Egypt from the 4th Dynasty (c.2613–2494 BC) till the Roman times, this pigment appeared in Egypt during the 3rd millennium BC . This pigment consists of calcium copper tetrasilicate (cuprorivaite, CaCuSi4O10), a blue tabular crystal about 15 μm to 30 μm in length, residual silica (quartz and/or tridymite) and an amorphous silica-rich phase. This synthetic pigment was making by mixing calcium salt (carbonate, sulphate or hydroxide), a copper compound (oxide or malachite), sand (silica) and an alkali flux (sources of alkali could either have been natron from areas
SPINDLETOP OILFIELD. The Spindletop oilfield, discovered on a salt dome formation south of Beaumont in eastern Jefferson County on January 10, 1901, marked the birth of the modern petroleum industry. The Gladys City Oil, Gas, and Manufacturing Company, formed in August 1892 by George W. O'Brien, George W. Carroll, Pattillo Higgins, Emma E. John, and J. F. Lanier, was the first company to drill on Spindletop Hill. Three shallow attempts, beginning in 1893 and using cable-tool drilling equipment were unsuccessful; Lanier and Higgins had left the company by 1895. Anthony F. Lucas, the leading United States expert on salt dome formations, made a lease with the Gladys City Company in 1899.