Carbon dioxide is an significant contributor to the enhanced greenhouse effect. It can result in trapping more of the heat that Earth is radiating into space and cause detrimental climate changes and rising sea levels. The main concern regarding the combustion of organic compounds is the result of incomplete combustion. Incomplete combustion occurs when there is not enough oxygen to completely burn the fuel to carbon dioxide and water, causing pollution and fuel inefficiency. For example: Pentane reacts with little oxygen to form
More animal species are becoming endangered or extinct as a result of global warming.” “The carbon emissions, pollution and human health problems that have resulted directly from the Industrial Revolution’s accomplishments have only been disastrous for the world environment. For example the increase of the production in the textile industry, iron and steel and the steam power. As a result, many people died cause of too much smoke spread in the air. Another example according to the reading, air and water pollution came from coal burning, as well as most stages in the production of metals and basic chemicals. Moreover, “The advent of the steam locomotive and railroad also saw the start of major pollution caused by big business, which is all too often seen today.
Name: Course: Tutor: Date: GREENHOUSE EFFECT The greenhouse effect can be termed as the trapping of heat which is done by gases that can are found within the atmosphere. These gases include methane and carbon dioxide. Despite the fact that these gases occur only in small quantities, they have the capability to trap a massive amount of heat which thus prevents it from escaping into hence keeping the Earth warm enough for us to survive. Our atmosphere is made up of a thin layer of gas that surrounds the earth. The trapping of the gases which brings about a green house effect makes life on the sustainable, but it also has the potential to destroy life as we know it.
Landfill sites on many accounts are blamed for poison of the groundwater supply and other organisms such as local wildlife and even humans. Some landfill sites attempt to find better ways to dispose of their toxins and waste such as burning, however this causes air waste pollution and due to this is not the any better than to keep it in its toxic underground coffins. Although there has been several solutions proposed to find a better alternative for waste disposal none have passed on a scale big enough to make too much of a difference. Though there is a light at the end of the tunnel. St. Lucie County has as of 2006 proposed use of "lighting-like" plasma arcs to vaporize the waste at temperature levels that are hotter than the sun.
University of Modern Sciences Advanced Industrial Bio-processing Laboratory Assignment Phytoremediation of Explosives Recently the environment is being polluted by several contaminants, these contaminants may be deliberate or accidental, and there are even contaminants that have been around since the WWI and WWII. These contaminants are two explosives known as TNT and RDX. Trinitrotoluene has been used heavily during the WWI and unfortunately is still being used by US military and different construction companies worldwide. TNT is known to be a Class I carcinogen and its exposure to humans causes major types of complications like severe anemia and severe hepatitis. Research Department Explosive or Research Department Unknown compound X has been used heavily during WWII and was produced in large quantities by USA and Germany.
While petroleum refinery and petrochemical industries are most desirable for national development and improved quality of life, the unwholesome and environmentally unacceptable pollution effects from these industries have been reported world-wide (Ruiz-Oradaz et al., 2001). Where refineries are sited, there is bound to be waste products. This waste in form of effluent has its effects on population and morphology of soil biota. Disposal of wastewaters from an industrial plant is a difficult and costly problem. Petrochemical plants generate solid waste and sludge, some of which may be considered hazardous because of the presence of toxic organics and heavy metals.
Chemical water pollutants find their way into waterways through industrial and agricultural wastes for example Mercury remains of mining sites, Nitrogen compounds which are a major fertilizer in farms and chlorine deposits from sewage and water treatment plants. These compounds are harmful to human and other aquatic life, especially when in high levels. On the other hand, physical pollutants are not toxic but still contribute to the deterioration of water quality. These may include sedimentation from soil erosion because of excessive farming, wastes from human activities, for example, dumping of plastic bottles and papers in water sources. Thermal pollution is caused by industrialization where industries discharge water at high temperatures back to the water sources decreasing the amount of dissolved oxygen.Radiocative substances have adverse effects on human, and the source of pollutant arises from nuclear power plants and agricultural activities by use of phosphate fertilizers.
It also affects the country’s economy and people’s finances. This problem can be reduced if some effort is exerted by smokers to quit smoking and possible air purification methods are designed. Since smoke is a gas, it mainly pollutes the air. We should consider the whole process, from the growth of the tobacco plants until the consumption of a cigarette that helps pollute the waters and land as well. Tobacco is addictive because it contains nicotine which constitutes approximately 0.6–3.0 % of dry weight of tobacco (“Nicotine-What is Nicotine?)
Some chemicals we have created are depleting the ozone layer. Humans use dangerous materials to contaminate the air, water, and land. Contaminating the air is our first serious threat to our planet. In many large cities, cars and factories pollute the air. In cities such as Los Angeles and Mexico City smog is a constant problem.
This is happening because the demand for non-renewable sources, land is growing, more water is being produced and the higher levels of greenhouse gases and pollutants. Most rubbish is buried in landfill sites and not all of it consists of safe materials. Regular household items can contain toxic chemicals . Industrial waste is also discharged onto the land. Many farmers add pesticides to improve their crops, but these can damage living things, for example if poisonous or toxic materials enter seas or lakes the can easily enter the food chain, eventually effecting humans.